Sep
03
(WAAY) 31 Eyewitness News 1989 Presidential Inauguration ABC News Full Coverage Part 1


GETTING IN THEIR CAR, THOUGH THEY COULD JUST AS EASILY WALK TO GO ACROSS TO THE WHITE HOUSE AND TO CALL ON AND PICK UP PRESIDENT REAGAN SO THAT THEY MAY ALL RIDE TO THE CAPITOL TOGETHER. YOU’VE HEARD THROUGHOUT THE POLITICAL YEAR VICE PRESIDENT BUSH REFER TO MARTIN VAN BUREN, THE LAST SITTING VICE PRESIDENT TO GO LIKE THIS TO THE WHITE HOUSE. AND MARTIN VAN BUREN WAS THE FIRST PRESIDENT-ELECT TO GO CALL FOR AND DREW JACKSON. IT’S BECOME TRADITION EVERER SINCE.>>HENRY TRUMAN LIVED THERE AND EVERY DAY HE WALKED ACROSS THE STREET WITH THE SECURITY — WITH THE EMPHASIS ON SECURITY TODAY, THEY HARDLY LET THE PRESIDENT STICK HIS HEAD OUTDOOR.>>GEORGE BUSH WANTS TO ALTER THAT TO SOME EXTENT.>>HE THINKS IT’S EXCESSIVE.>>ANN COMPTON HAS BEEN IN BLAIR HOUSE THIS MORNING. WHAT HAPPENED INSIDE?>>WELL, PETER, I THINK THE VICE PRESIDENT SIMPLY WANTS A LOT OF PEOPLE AROUND HIM RIGHT NOW. JUST MOMENTS AGO HE TAPPED AT THE WINDOW FOR US. HE WAS GETTING A NATIONAL SECURITY BRIEFING WITH BRENT SCOWCROFT INSIDE. A MOMENT LATER AN AIDE COMES OUT AND TUGS ON MY SLEEVE AND SAYS, HE WANTS TO SEE YOU INSIDE OFF THE RECORD. I DON’T THINK I’D BE BETRAYING ANY CONFIDENCES JUST TO TELL YOU THAT THE VICE PRESIDENT SAID, GEE, HOW LONG WE’VE KNOWN EACH OTHER, TALKED ABOUT KIDS. WE GOT AN OFF THE RECORD BID TO MAKE SURE THAT ALL THE KIDS MAKE IT TO KENNEBUNKPORT THIS SUMMER. MRS. BUSH IS REJECTING THE NICKNAME THE GRAY FOX HE’S BEEN GIVING HER. SHE WANTS TO BE KNOWN AS THE SILVER FOX.>>SAM?>>HERE HE IS, PRESIDENT-ELECT BUSH COMING UP THE NORTH PORTICO. PRESIDENT REAGAN, MRS. REAGAN, WAITING FOR HIM. JOHN SUNUNU WAS OVER A FEW MOMENTS AGO LOOKING OVER THE DIGS. MRS. BUSH. MRS. BUSH IN BLUE, AS YOU POINTED OUT. NANCY REAGAN WITH THE TRADITIONAL RED ALL THESE YEARS, HER TRADEMARK. I CAN’T TELL THE COLOR OF THAT FROM WHERE I’M FROM.>>IT’S SORT OF A RUSTY RED.>>PRESIDENT REAGAN SAW HIS WHITE HOUSE STAFF, THE PERSONAL STAFF, NOT THE CHIEF OF STAFF AND PEOPLE LIKE THAT, BUT THE COOKS AT 10:15 THIS MORNING, A FEW MOMENTS AGO. THERE’S THE PORTRAIT OF ALL THE INCOMING AND OUTGOING OCCUPANTS OF THIS HOUSE STAND THERE FOR A MOMENT AND TAKE THAT FAMILY PICTURE.>>WE’LL ALL HAVE THAT ON OUR MANTLES.>>HOW MANY PEOPLE WORK AT THE WHITE HOUSE?>>GOOD QUESTION. IF YOU TALK ABOUT THE EXECUTIVE OFFICES, THERE ARE ABOUT 450 PEOPLE. BUT I’M NOW INCLUDING NOT JUST THE MANSION, JUST THE PRIVATE STAFF OR THE PERSONAL STAFF.>>WHAT BECOMES OF THE PRESIDENT’S — PRESIDENT’S PERSONAL STAFF NOW? DO THEY GO CALIFORNIA WITH HIM?>>NO, THEY LOOK FOR JOBS. A FEW LUCKY ONES STAY ON, LIKE MARLIN FITZWATER. BUT MOST OF THEM, THE POLITICAL APPOINTEES, ARE NOW OUT OF WORK. AND THEIR RESUMES WILL BE IN OUR SHOP AND EVERY PLACE ELSE.>>THE HOUSEHOLD STAFF, BUTT LETTERS AND SO ON, ALL STAY.>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THE PRESIDENTIAL PHOTOGRAPHER CHANGES, RIGHT, SAM?>>THAT’S RIGHT. MOST HAVE BEEN TOLD THEY’RE GOING TO BE CHANGED. THE SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR STAYS. THE COOK WILL CHANGE BECAUSE EACH PRESIDENT WANTS TO BRING IN HIS COOK. WE’RE GOING TO HAVE CHILI IN THIS WHITE HOUSE, I SUPPOSE, AND FAJITAS AND YOU HAVE TO HAVE SOMEBODY WHO KNOWS HOW TO DO IT.>>DURING THE CAMPAIGN, GEORGE BUSH WAS TRYING TO ADVANCE THE THINKING THAT HE LIKED PORK RINDS AND TOBASCO SAUCE.>>I CAN TELL YOU THAT YOU CAN STOMACH THEM, BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT MRS. REAGAN HAS BEEN DINING ON.>>I SHOULDN’T SAY THIS, BUT I DON’T KNOW WHAT A PORK RIEND IS. I KNOW ABOUT SOUTHERN FOOD, SOME OF WHICH IS RATHER FUNNY. WHAT ARE PORK RINDS.>>YOU KNOW WHAT BACON IS. JUST USE YOUR IMAGINATION. PORK RINDS ARE INTERESTING.>>YOU DON’T WANT TO SAY?>>IT’S SKIN, ISN’T IT? SOMEBODY WILL INVESTIGATE. THERE ARE 93 MEMBERS OF THE HOUSEHOLD STAFF, SO SOMEBODY HAS TOLD ME IN MY EAR.>>GARDENERS AND SO ON.>>THEY’RE INSIDE WHERE THEY’RE GOING TO MEET WITH THIS JOINT CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE. THERE ARE ALL SORTS OF HOSTS AND THEY’RE TAKEN BACK UP TO THE CAPITOL WHERE THEY WILL BE HOSTED IN A SENSE BY A VARIETY OF SENATORS AND CONGRESS MEN. LET’S GO BACK UP AND TALK TO BILL GREENWOOD WHO IS DOWN THERE WITH ALL THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEGUN TO GATHER FOR THE CEREMONY.>>PETER, THEY STARTED ARRIVING HERE ABOUT 9:00 THIS MORNING, EVERYONE GOING THROUGH A METAL DETECTOR, VERY ENORMOUS SECURITY PRECAUTIONS IN EFFECT AT THE CAPITOL. 140,000 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN INVITED. WHEN THE GATES OPENED, IT LOOKED JUST LIKE THE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH AS THESE PEOPLE SWARMD ALL OVER THE WEST FRONT OF THE CAPITOL. THERE IS SEATING FOR ABOUT 80,000 PEOPLE. I’M IN THE CHEAP SEAT AREA, A STANDING ROOM AREA, IT IS MUDDY, THERE ARE MORE HIGH-HEELED MINK COATED LADIES SHRORBING THROUGH IT THAN I CAN COUNT. THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PEOPLE. THESE COVETED TICKETS TO VIEW THE INAUGURATION GIVEN TO THEM BY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, BY MEMBERS OF THE PRESIDENT’S AND VICE PRESIDENT’S STAFF, THE STATE CHAIRMAN, EVERYONE ALLOCATED A SMALL NUMBER OF TICKETS AND THEY ARE INDEED HARD TO COME BY.>>THANKS, BILL. PERHAPS YOU CAN HAVE A CHAT WITH SOME OF THOSE PEOPLE. WHILE PEOPLE ARE GATHERING, LET US MEET ANOTHER MEMBER OF OUR STAFF, CAROLE SIMPSON IS ON THE PARADE ROUTE. HAVE PEOPLE BEGUN TO GATHER THERE?>>YES, THEY HAVE. I’M AT 13TH AND PENNSYLVANIA. PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE IS CALLED AMERICA’S MAIN STREET. AND WASHINGTON HASN’T SEEN AN INAUGURAL PARADE FOR EIGHT YEARS, SO PEOPLE ARE PRETTY EXCITED ABOUT SEEING ONE. YOU’LL RECALL IN 1984 BITTER COLD WEATHER FORCED CANCELLATION OF REAGAN’S SECOND INAUGURAL PARADE. BUT THE CROWDS ARE BEGINNING TO FORM NOW. WE’RE LOOKING FORWARD TO A GOOD DAY. IT WAS NICE AND BRIGHT A WHILE AGO, BUT CLOUDS ARE STARTING TO MOVE IN AND IT’S GETTING COOLER.>>ALSO SOMEWHERE THERE IS BARRY SERAFIN. HE’LL PROBABLY HAVE THE BEST VANTAGE POINT OF THE PARADE WHICH WILL COME DOWN PENNSYLVANIA AND PASS IN FRONT OF THE REVIEWING STAND.>>YES, WE’RE DOWN NEAR THE WHITE HOUSE AT THE CORNER OF PENNSYLVANIA AND MADISON, RIGHT ACROSS THE STREET FROM THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT. NOT MANY CROWDS HERE YET. BILL GREENWOOD WAS TALKING ABOUT THE CHEAP SEATS. THIS IS THE HIGH-RENT DISTRICT. THIS IS PREMIUM SEATING THAT COSTS ANYWHERE FROM $75 TO $100 A TICKET TO SIT HERE. THE PRESIDENTIAL REVIEWING STAND IS JUST ABOUT A BLOCK DOWN THE STREET BEHIND ME.>>THANKS. WE’LL BE BACK TO YOU A NUMBER OF TIMES THROUGHOUT THE DAY. WE’LL BE BACK WITH OUR FULL COVERAGE IN A MINUTE. THIS ISN’T GOING TO MAKE IT,
I JUST KNOW IT. A CEREAL TODAY
HAS GOT TO BE DIFFERENT. ALL YOU GOT HERE
IS THE SAME OLD… FLAKES. MMMM. THIS IS DIFFERENT.
SIMPLE, LIGHT. I’M SURPRISED.
I LIKE THIS A LOT. WELL, YOU’VE GOT
A BIG NEW HIT ON YOUR HAS. I JUST KNOW IT. KELLOGG’S CORN FLAKES… CORN FLAKES? I KNEW IT.>>WELL, THERE IS THIS MOST FAMILIAR OF ALL AMERICAN BUILDINGS FOR ALL OF US. WE’VE ALREADY REFERRED THIS MORNING TO THE FACT THAT IT’S BEEN RESTORED. IT WAS QUITE A BATTLE. THERE WERE FORCES WHICH REALLY WANTED IT NOT JUST RESTORED BUT EXTENDED TO MAKE MORE ROOM FOR MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE AND THE SENATE. THERE YOU SEE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE WHO ARE INSIDE THE CHAMBER AND WILL SHORTLY COME OUT AND JOIN THE OTHER THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE ON THE WEST FRONT OF THE CAPITOL. AS WE’RE TALKING ABOUT TRANSITION, WE WANT TO GO BACK VERY BRIEFLY NOW TO SAM DONALDSON. AS DAVID POINTED OUT AT THE BEGINNING, SOMEBODY IS TALKING EXTENSIVELY IN MY EAR SO WE’LL GET THAT TO STOP FOR JUST A SECOND. WE WERE TALKING ABOUT SAM DONALDSON LEAVING THE WHITE HOUSE. HE HAS BEEN ALMOST EVERYWHERE THAT RONALD REAGAN HAS BEEN, I GUESS ALMOST EVERYWHERE IN THE LAST EIGHT YEARS AN HE HAS PUT TOGETHER A PIECE OF SOME OF THE MOMENTS WHICH HE REMEMBERS AND WHICH THE COUNTRY SURELY REMEMBERS AS WELL.>>THERE WERE 1,000 PICTURES, 1,000 IMAGES AT HOME AND ABROAD THAT STICK IN THE MIND. JACK AND NELLE’S SON, TURNED PRESIDENT, KNEW HOW TO CARRY HIMSELF AND US WITH HIM. OFTEN THE THINGS THAT EN DEERD HIM TO PEOPLE, MADE HIM A REGULAR GUY HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH IMAGINE ET TI AND POWER. FOR INSTANCE, THERE WAS REAGAN THE KLUTZ. WATCH THIS.>>OH, I’M SORRY. I WOULD PICK ONE IN UNIFORM. HE CAN LICK ME.>>THAT ABILITY TO LAUGH AT HIMSELF WAS MARVELOUS. ARE YOU NERVOUS ABOUT BEING UPSTAGED BY GORBACHEV HE WAS ASKED?>>I DON’T RESENT HIS POPULARITY OR ANYTHING ELSE. GOOD LORD, I COSTARRED WITH ERROL FLYNN ONCE.>>DON’T STEP OVER THE LINE. WHEN A SORE LAIR INNINGS PREVENTED HIM FROM ■■ SPEAKING, HE COULD CONDUCT A NEWS CONFERENCE IN PANTOMINE.>>HOW YOU FEELING? WHEN YOU GOING HOME?>>OF COURSE HE DIDN’T ALWAYS GUESS THINGS RIGHT. WHO IS THIS VISITING HEAD OF STATE?>>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, CHAIRMAN MO.>>NO, SAMUEL DOE, PRESIDENT OF LIBERIA. THEN HE MANAGE -LD HIS OWN TRADEMARK LINE.>>AND SOMETIME WHEN THE TEAM IS UP AGAINST IT AND THE BREAKS ARE BEATING THE BOYS, TELL THEM TO GO OUT THERE WITH ALL THEY’VE GOT AND WIN JUST ONE FOR THE GIPPET.>>OI VEY. BUT HIS ONE-LINERS OFTEN WORKED. RUNNING AGAINST WALTER MONDALE.>>WHAT ABOUT MONDALE’S CHARGES?>>HE OUGHT TO PAY THEM.>>AND WHEN A REPORTER TRIED TO PIN HIM AT A PRESS CONFERENCE AND UTTERLY FAILED.>>MR. PRESIDENT IN TALKING ABOUT THE CONTINUING RECESSION TONIGHT YOU HAVE BLAMED MISTAKES OF THE PAST AND YOU’VE BLAMED THE CONGRESS. DOES ANY OF THE BLAME BELONG TO YOU?>>YES, BECAUSE FOR MANY YEARS I WAS A DEMOCRAT.>>BUT THE REAGAN IMAGE THAT WILL STICK THE LONGEST IS THAT OF THE GREAT COMMUNICATOR WHO STIRRED AND MOVED AND LIFTED A NATION. CAN ANYONE FORGET THE DAY THE SPACE SHUTTLE “CHALLENGER” EXPLODED?>>THEY HONORED US WITH THE MANNER IN WHICH THEY LIVED THEIR LIVES. WE’LL NEVER FORGET THEM AND THE LAST TIME WE SAW THEM THIS MORNING AS THEY SLIPPED THE SURLY BONDS OF EARTH TO TOUCH THE FACE OF GOD.>>RONALD REAGAN WAS THE VOICE OF THE NATION AND TO MANY HAS BECOME THE SIM BOL OF THE COUNTRY. PEOPLE WILL ARGUE FOR YEARS ABOUT REAGAN’S POLICY, WHETHER THEY WERE RIGHT OR WRONG AND HISTORY WILL DECIDE ULTIMATELY. BUT THE RONALD REAGAN WE’VE JUST SEEN, THE MAN OF WIT, CHARM, THE MAN WHO COULD UPLIFT THE NATION IS ONE THAT POLITICAL FRIENDS AND POLITICAL FOES WILL REMEMBER FONDLY.>>SAM, I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE GOING TO WANT TO HAVE THAT VIDEO CLIP FOR THEIR HOME LIBRARY. THE MONDALE EXCHANGE WASN’T ALTOGETHER CLEAR. WHAT WAS SAID?>>IN THE ROSE GARDEN AS THE PRESIDENT WAS LEAVING, A REPORTER SHOUTED OUT, WHAT ABOUT MONDALE’S CHARGES. REAGAN SAID, WELL, HE OUGHT TO PAY THEM.>>SOMEBODY TOLD ME THAT OF ALL THE THINGS THE PRESIDENT DID IN PUBLIC, THE ONE THING HE HATED WAS TURKEY DAY.>>WELL, HE CAME OUT AND THE TURKEY ALWAYS TRIED TO BEAT HIM TO DEATH. IT WOULD TRY TO GET LOOSE. THE WINGS WOULD FLAP AND THE PRESIDENT COULDN’T RUN AI WAY. WOULDN’T YOU YOU HATE IT?>>HAVE YOU EVER HAD A CHANCE TO TALK TO GEORGE BUSH ABOUT THE VALUE OF THE ACTOR IN THE OFFICE? THE PRESIDENT HAS BEEN SO SUCCESSFUL WITH IT.>>WELL, GEORGE BUSH IS NOT AN ACTOR BY PROFESSION AS RONALD REAGAN WAS. AND HE HAS OFTEN SAID THAT HE IS NOT GOING TO, BECAUSE HE CANNOT, EMULATE RONALD REAGAN’S DEMEANOR. HE’S A DIFFERENT MAN, HE’S HIS OWN MAN. BUT I THINK BUSH UNDERSTANDS AND I THINK HE’S DISPLAYED THIS IN THE LAST COUPLE OF MONTHS AT LEAST THAT HE’S GOT TO HAVE A PRESENCE AND THAT IS PICKED UP ON TELEVISION. SO FAR, SO GOOD, AS FAR AS I’M CONCERNED FOR GEORGE BUSH.>>LET’S PUT THAT IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT. ONE OF THE PEOPLE JOINING US IS THE HIS TOREIAN HENRY GRAPH. PROFESSOR GRAPH, THANKS VERY MUCH FOR COMING DOWN AND JOINING US TODAY. WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT THE FACTOR OF THE ACTOR IN THE PRESIDENCY TODAY? WELL, IF YOU JUST HANG ON ONE HALF SECOND, I APOLOGIZE. WE HAVE A SLIGHT PROBLEM COMMUNICATING BACK FROM YOU AS WE DID WITH GEORGE WILL. LET’S TRY IT AGAIN. DO YOU MIND? IT DOESN’T QUITE WORK. I’LL TELL YOU WHAT. WE’LL BE RIGHT BACK AFTER THIS MESSAGE FROM YOUR LOCAL STATION AND WE’LL GET THINGS FIXED IN THE MEANTIME.>>THERE IS PART OF THE PARADE ROUTE FROM THE CAPITOL DOWN PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE TO THE WHITE HOUSE TODAY. AS CAROLE SIMPSON TOLD US, PEOPLE HAVE BEGUN TO GATHER. SHE SAYS THERE’S A BIT OF A NIP IN THE AIR. THE WEATHER FORECAST IS FOR IT TOGET COLDER LATER IN THE DAY WITH THE WINDS PICKING UP. YOU CAN SEE FROM THE FLAGS THERE THAT IT’S ALREADY BEGUN TO PICK UP A LITTLE. DAVID BRINKLEY WAS OBSERVING THAT EVERYTHING OUTSIDE THE BUILDING WORKS FINE. OUR ONLY PROBLEMS HAVE BEEN INSIDE THE BUILDINGS. BUT WE’VE ESTABLISHED COMMUNICATIONS WITH PROFESSOR HENRY GRAFF, THE HIS TOREIAN FROM COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY. I WAS ASKING YOU ABOUT THE ACTOR FACTOR IN THE MODERN PRESIDENCY.>>ALL PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES HAVE TO BE ACTORS. THE GREAT ONES HAVE BEEN GREAT ACTORS, MR. GEORGE WASHINGTON, THROUGH LINCOLN, THEODORE ROOSEVELT. THEY SAY GEORGE BUSH IS NOT GOING TO BE AN ACTOR, BUT HE WILL PLAY SO MANY ROLES, HE WILL PLAY THEM SIMULTANEOUSLY, THAT IF HE ISN’T A GOOD ACTOR, HE WON’T BE A GOOD PRESIDENT.>>IT’S MAGNIFIED 1,000 TIMES BY THE TELEVISION FACTOR.>>OF COURSE. THE PRESIDENT IS ON THE TELEVISION ALL THE TIME. HE COMES INTO THE LIVING ROOM, HE IS EVERYONE’S FRIEND. HE WILL BE KNOWN AS WELL AS ANY MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. IF HE DOESN’T GLORY IN IT AND THEREBY DO IT SUPERBLY WELL, HE’S GOING TO BE A DISASTER.>>AS WE TAKE A LOOK AT THE WEST SIDE OF THE CAPITOL, PERHAPS YOU’D LIKE TO CONTINUE ON FOR A MOMENT ABOUT INAUGURATION DAY IN GENERAL. AND WHAT IT REPRESENTS AS FAR AS YOU’RE CONCERNED IN TERMS OF THE HISTORY.>>INAUGURATION DAY IS THE GREAT RIGHT OF RENEWAL OF OUR REPUBLIC. AND ONE OF ITS GLORIES IS THAT ALL THE PRESIDENTS HAVE LEFT ON TIME. WATCHING SAM DONALDSON AND THE REAGANS AND THE BUSHES IN SUCH WARM EMBRACE, I’M REMINDED OF THE FACT THAT NOT ALL OUR PRESIDENTS HAVE LEFT SO WILLINGLY. AND NOT ALL OF THE OCCASIONS LIKE THIS HAVE BEEN SO HAPPY. HARRY TRUMAN AND DRIET EISENHOWER WERE BARELY — DWIGHT EISENHOWER WERE BAERL SPEAKING ON THE WAY TO THE WHITE HOUSE. IT MAY INTEREST YOU TO KNOW THAT IN 1869, AS GENERAL GRANT WAS BEING INAUGURATED, HIS PREDECESSOR VERY ANGRY, THAT WAS ANDREW JOHNSON SIMPLY HELD A CABINET MEETING. BUT WE ARE UNIQUE AMONG THE PEOPLES OF THE WORLD. AND IT OUGHT TO BRING PRIDE TO EVERY AMERICAN. THAT THEY DO LEAVE ON TIME.>>IT’S NICE TO HAVE YOU WITH US TODAY. DAVID, YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT THE ACTOR FACTOR.>>I WOULD LIKE TO AGREE WITH THE PROFESSOR ON THE FACT THAT ALL PRESIDENTS HAVE TO BE ACTORS. TUESDAY MORNING YOUR ASSIGNMENT CALLS FOR YOU TO GO TO LUNCH, EAT CHICKEN AND PEAS WHICH YOU DON’T LIKE, SHAKE A LOT OF HANDS. BUT YOU HAVE TO PRETEND TO ENJOY IT, YOU HAVE TO BE NICE AND SAY NICE THINGS AND WATCH THE CLOCK AND HOPE YOU CAN GET OUT SOON. THAT’S ACTING AND THEY HAVE TO DO IT.>>WHILE WE’RE WATCHING PEOPLE GATHER, I WANT TO INVOLVE YOU AND BRIT AND SAM IN A THEET IS — THESIS WHICH I’LL ADVANCE WHICH IS THAT GEORGE BUSH IS NOT GOING TO HAVE ANY COMMUNICATION DIFFICULTIES FOLLOWING RONALD REAGAN. THERE’S A CONVENTIONAL WISDOM THAT SAYS RONALD REAGAN IS SO EFFECTIVE AS A COMMUNICATOR, THAT GEORGE BUSH IS GOING TO LOOK PALLID BY COMPARISON.>>I THINK RONALD REAGAN HAS HIS OWN STYLE. HE WAS A GREAT ACTOR AND PRESENTER. WHETHER HE WAS DOING ONE-LINERS OR READING A SCRIPT. HE WASN’T VERY GOOD WHEN HE HANDLED NEWS CONFERENCES BECAUSE THAT WASN’T SCRIPTED. BUT BUSH HAS A CERTAIN PRESENCE, AND BUSH HAS A THOUGHT PROCESS. YOU SEE THE MIND WORKING. YOU MAY NOT AGREE WITH HIM AND SOMETIMES THE SYNTAX IS MANGLED, BUT HOW MANY OF US FINISH A SENTENCE LIKE WINSTON CHURCHILL? I PREDICTED IN THE FALL THAT THE CAMERA WOULD TREAT BUSH MUCH KINDER THAN IT WOULD DUKAKIS WHO HAD TELEVISION EXPERIENCE. I THINK I WAS RIGHT IN THAT.>>WHAT CAUGHT MY EYE, BRIT HUME, LET ME TURN THIS IN YOUR DIRECTION, WAS LOOK AT OLD VIDEO OF JOHN F. KENNEDY’S NEWS CONFERENCES. HE WASN’T AS GOOD A SPEAKER AS RONALD REAGAN WAS, BUT HE SURE COULD HANDLE THE PRESS.>>IF THERE’S AN ANALOGY, IT MAY BE BETWEEN KENNEDY AND BUSH IN TERMS OF THE NEWS CONFERENCE. WE’VE SEEN DAZ LINK PERFORMANCES BY GEORGE BUSH IN THESE NEWS CONFERENCES HE’S HAD DURING THE TRANSITION PERIOD. HE’S BEEN VERY COMFORTABLE, VERY EASY WITH MEMBERS OF THE MEDIA, HE SEEMED TO FEAR NO QUESTIONS AND HE’S BEEN COMFORTABLE AND HUMOROUS AT TIMES. THAT MAY BE THE STRENGTH THAT HE HAS AND THE VEHICLE THAT HE’S BETTER ABLE TO USE THAN PRESIDENT REAGAN WAS. BUT I MAY ADD THIS. REMEMBER THE SPEECH HE GAVE IN NEW ORLEANS. IT WAS A PRETTY GOOD JOB, PERHAPS NOT UP TO THE STANDARDS THAT PRESIDENT REAGAN COULD MATCH, BUT IT WAS A GREAT PIECE OF OR TORY. WE WANT TO FIND OUT WHETHER HE CAN MATCH THAT STANDARD WITH THE SPEECH HE’LL GIVE TODAY.>>SAM, THERE ARE A COUPLE OF THINGS AT LEAST FROM MY OWN PERSONAL TASTE MISSING FROM YOUR CLIP. WHEN THE PRESIDENT WENT TO SEE THE RELATIVES OF THE MIDEAST PEACE-KEEPING SOLDIERS WHO HAD BEEN KILLED, WHEN HE WENT TO THE MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR THE “CHALLENGER” ASTRONAUTS AND SAID NOTHING BUT JUST HUGGED PEOPLE. THAET AN ENORMOUS AMOUNT OF COMMUNICATE I HAVE POWER, I THINK.>>ABSOLUTELY. BEFORE DAVID BRINKLEY’S INTERVIEW WITH PRESIDENT REAGAN, I DID A VIDEO THAT INCLUDED SOME OF THAT. RONALD REAGAN BY HIS MERE PRESENCE COULD EASE THE GRIEF THAT THESE FAMILIES FELT. THERE WAS A TOUCHING SCENE IN HOUSTON WHEN ONE OF THE DAUGHTERS OF A YOUNG ASTRONAUT THAT DIED WHEN THE YOUNG GIRL CAME AND PUT HIS HEAD ON — PUT HER HEAD ON HIS SHOULDER. I SORT OF AGREE WITH BRIT THAT BUSH HAS SHOWN HE’S COMFORTABLE. I REMEMBER ONE OF HIS TRAN DIGS NEWS CONFERENCES WHEN A REPORTER STARTED TO ASK A QUESTION, MR. VICE PRESIDENT, DO YOU THINK — AND BEFORE THE REPORTER COULD GET THE REST OF HIS QUESTION OUT, BUSH SHOT BACK, “NOT AS MUCH AS I SHOULD.”>>BUSH DOES KEEP UP WITH THE DETAILS OF GOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES TO A GREATER DEGREE THAN MR. REAGAN LAST AND THEREFORE IS MORE COMFORTABLE ANSWERING QUESTIONS BECAUSE HE’S NOT TERRIFIED OF BEING ASKED ONE HE CAN’T ANSWER. HE KNOWS THE ANSWERS.>>DO YOU THINK HE’S GOING TO BE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE AS READILY AS MR. REAGAN DID?>>YOU I DON’T THINK HE’LL BE AS GOOD A PERFORMER ON TELEVISION THAT MR. REAGAN HAS BEEN. KENNEDY WAS VERY GOOD BUT HE WASN’T AS GOOD AS REAGAN. REAGAN READS A CAREFULLY WRITTEN SPEECH BETTER THAN ANYONE I’VE SEEN. BUT I THINK GEORGE BUSH WILL BE ABLE TO DO IT WELL ENOUGH. IN NEW ORLEANS HE HAD A GOOD SPEECH AND A GOOD SPEECHWRITER.>>WE’LL BE BACK IN A MOMENT. ♪ WHO MAKES MICROWAVE PANCAKES ♪ ♪ SO FLUFFY AND LIGHT? ♪ ♪ PANCAKES SO EXTRAORDINARY ♪ ♪ COULD ONLY BE
FROM PILLSBURY! ♪ ♪ WE MAKE OUR PANCAKES
WITH FLAIR ♪ ♪ THESE ARE LIGHTER THAN AIR! ♪ ♪ SO LIGHT AND FLUFFY ♪ ♪ WHY, THEY’RE PUFFY! ♪ ♪ HOW CAN IT BE? ♪ CAUSE THEY’RE FROM ME! ♪ SO FLUFFY AND LIGHT ♪ ♪ HERE, HAVE ANOTHER BITE! ♪ ♪ LIGHT, LIGHT! ♪ ♪ LOVIN’ FROM THE OVEN ♪ HEE HEE! ♪ HEE HEE! ♪♪>>THERE IS THE FAMILIAR DOOR OF THE WHITE HOUSE THROUGH WHICH MR. BUSH AND THE REAGANS AND SENATOR SOON TO BE VICE PRESIDENT QUAYLE WENT A SHORT WHILE AGO. WE ARE NOW WAITING FOR THEM TO COME OUT AND GO TO THE CAPITOL TOGETHER, THIS OVERALL INAUGURAL CEREMONY WILL LAST ABOUT AN HOUR AND A BIT. AND THEY WILL LEAVE FROM THE WHITE HOUSE QUITE SOON. DAVID, THEY’VE DONE ALL SORTS OF THINGS. PROFESSOR GRAFF WAS MENTIONING THE ANIMOSITY AT TRANSITION IN THE PAST. THERE’S MONDAY OF — NONE OF THAT HERE.>>THEY’VE BEEN TOGETHER FOR EIGHT YEARS. THEY’RE OLD FRIENDS. THE DEEPEST ANIMOSITY I RECALL WAS TRUMAN AND EISENHOWER. TRUMAN SAID IF ELECTED HE WOULD GO TO KOREA, MEANING HE WOULD TRY TO END THE WAR. AFTER THE ELECTION, TRUMAN SENT HIM A TELEGRAM SAYING, IF YOU STILL WANT TO GO TO KOREA, WE WILL ARRANGE IT WITH AIRPLANES AND SO ON AND IT INFURIATED EISENHOWER BECAUSE IT WAS SUGGESTING THAT IT WAS AN EMPTY CAMPAIGN GAMBIT AND NOT A PROMISE. HE DID GO TO KOREA, BUT HE HATED TRUMAN FOR SAYING IT.>>LET’S LISTEN TO THE ♪ SING PRAISES OF THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD ♪>>THAT WAS A BRIEF BURST OF THE CONGRESSIONAL CHORE US ON THE WEST FRONT OF CAPITOL HILL, MADE UP OF PEOPLE WHO WORK ON CAPITOL HILL. NO ELECTED POLITICIANS TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE, BUT LEGISLATIVE AIDES AND PEOPLE WHO WORK IN VARIOUS COMMITTEE STAFFS.>>YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO SING.>>IT HELPS.>>♪ YOU ROLLING RIVER, OWE SHENANDOA, I LONG TO HEAR YOU AWAY I’VE GONE AWAY, CROSS THE WIDE MISSOURI ♪>>THE CONGRESSIONAL CHORUS ON CAPITOL HILL. AS WE WAIT FOR MR. BUSH AND MR. REAGAN AND THEIR FAMILIES AND MR. QUAYLE TO LEAVE THE WHITE HOUSE, LET’S BRING IN ANOTHER VOICE FROM BOTH THE PRESENT AND THE PAST. ABC’S CHIEF FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT PIERRE SAL SAL WHO MANY PEOPLE KNOW WAS THE PRESS SECRETARY TO PRESIDENT REAGAN. PIERRE SALINGER IS IN LONDON TODAY. TELL US WHAT IT’S LIKE IN THE WHITE HOUSE AT A MOMENT LIKE THIS.>>OBVIOUSLY TODAY BRINGS BACK MANY MEMORIES OF 28 DAYS AGO, THE INAUGURATION OF JOHN KENNEDY. A COUPLE OF THINGS HAVE BEEN SAID THAT ARE VERY IMPORTANT. THE TRANSITION PERIOD IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT. YOU ELECT A PRESIDENT BUT THEN PEOPLE SAY, WHAT KIND OF A PRESIDENT IS HE GOING TO BE? YOU START TO JUDGE HIM DURING THIS PERIOD BETWEEN THE TIME HE’S ELECTED AND THE TIME HE BECOMES PRESIDENT. THAT HAS BEEN A VERY MAJOR ASSET FOR GEORGE BUSH. APPARENTLY NOT ONLY IN THE UNITED STATES BUT HERE ABROAD. PEOPLE ARE TAKING A NEW LOOK AT GEORGE BUSH SINCE THE ELECTION AFTER A VERY NEGATIVE LOOK DURING THE CAMPAIGN OF 1988.>>GO AHEAD.>>WELL, THE OTHER THING THAT’S INTERESTING WAS THE DISCUSSION ABOUT COMMUNICATIONS. I AGREE THAT RONALD REAGAN IS PROBABLY THE GREATEST COMMUNICATOR THAT’S EVER BEEN PRESIDENT, BUT CERTAINLY THE BEST PRESS CONFERENCE PRESIDENT WAS JOHN KENNEDY. HE HAD AN EASY WAY THAT HE DID IT. I AGREE WITH BRIT HUME SAYING THAT WE’RE BEGINNING TO SEE A PARALLEL BETWEEN THE WAY GEORGE BUSH IS HANDLING THE PRESS AND THE WAY JOHN KENNEDY DID. AND ONE THING MORE THAT GEORGE BUSH HAS ALREADY SAID THAT JOHN KENNEDY WANTED TO DO BUT NEVER GOT AWAY WITH WAS TO HAVE A PRIVATE LIFE, GO OUT TO DINNER, GO AND SEE HIS FRIENDS, GO TO RESTAURANTS. KENNEDY WANTED TO DO THAT TOO, BUT HE GOT CUT OFF AND COULDN’T DO IT.>>CAN WE CUT TO SAM DONALDSON AT THE MOMENT. YOU TALK ABOUT PRESIDENT KENNEDY AND VICE PRESIDENT BUSH BEING ADROIT WITH THE PRESS. I THINK THE PRESS APPRECIATES THAT. BUT SAM, ALL THIS WHO WILL LETTERING THAT WENT ON BETWEEN YOU AND PRESIDENT REAGAN AND OTHERS WORKED FOR YOU TO SOME EXTENT BUT ALSO WORKED FOR THE PRESIDENT IN SOME WAYS.>>I COVERED JIMMY CARTER FOR FOUR YEARS BUT I NEVER YELLED AT YIM JIMMY CARTER. RONALD REAGAN DIDN’T COME CLOSE AND REPORTERS HAD TWO CHOICES. TO REMAIN SILENT AND QUIET LIKE GOOD LITTLE BOYS AND GIRLS AND NOT TRY QUESTION THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WHICH I THINK IS OUR JOB, OR TO RAISE YOUR VOICE. I PREDICT THAT YOU WILL NOT HAVE TO SHOUT AT GEORGE BUSH BECAUSE HE HAS ALREADY PROMISED AND DEMONSTRATED THAT HE IS WILLING TO HAVE MORE FREQUENT ACCESS WITH REPORTERS AND HE IS WILLING TO TALK TO THEM. HERE COMES PRESIDENT REAGAN OF COURSE AND PRESIDENT DAVID BRINKLEY ELECT BUSH NOW HAVING FINISHED THEIR COFFEE IN THE BLUE ROOM INSIDE. PRESIDENT-ELECT-RATHER, VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT QUAYLE. THEY ARE LEAVING FOR THE CAPITOL.>>THERE YOU HEARD SOME ROURTER SHOUTING AT PRESIDENT REAGAN.>>THE ALTERNATIVE IS NOT TO TRY TO GET THE NEWS. IF MR. REAGAN HAD NEVER ANSWERED, I THINK WE WOULD HAVE START STOPPED SHOUTING. WE ALSO GOT IMPORTANT STORIES FROM HIM BECAUSE WE ASKED HIM QUESTIONS. THE CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION HAS ALREADY GOT ENIN THE CARS. THERE IS MRS. REAGAN, MRS. BUSH. THERE IS A LONG MOTORCADE LINED UP HERE ON THE NORTH DRIVEWAY.>>AND THERE IS, AS IN ALL OF THOSE CARS, OBVIOUS, THE CONGRESSIONAL ESCORT FOR THE QUAYLES. EACH INDIVIDUAL PERSON, AS WE WILL SEE WHEN THEY GET TO CAPITOL HILL, MRS. QUAYLE, VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT QUAYLE, BOTH BUSHES HAVE THEIR CONGRESSIONAL ESCORTS, WHO WILL BE WITH THEM THROUGHOUT THIS RIDE. BUT EVEN THE RIDE OF THE TWO PRESIDENTS HAS ITS OWN TRADITION, DOESN’T IT? ONE SITS ON THE RIGHT GOING AND ONE SITS ON THE RIGHT BACK.>>THE FACT HERE IS THAT THE DIGNITARIES IN THESE CARS ARE THE GUESTS OF CONGRESS. THE CONGRESS PUTS ON THE INAUGURAL, BUILDS THE PLATFORM, SERVES THE LUNCH, DOES ALL OF THAT. SO THEY ARE GUESTS OF THE U.S. CONGRESS AND THE CONGRESS HAS SENT UP CARS AND ESCORTS TO BRING THEM UP TO BE SWORN? IT MATTERED MORE WHEN THEY WERE STILL ABLE TO USE CONVERTIBLES, NOW HE REALLY CAN’T SEE THEM AND WHICH SIDE THEIR SITTING ON BECAUSE THEY ARE NO LONGER CONVERTIBLES.>>THIS CAR COST ABOUT $600,000. ONE OF THE THINGS IT DOES HAVE IN IT IS BETTER WINDOWS SO THAT HOPEFULLY THERE WILL BE A BETTER OPPORTUNITY TO SEE THE PRESIDENT. WHEN I ASKED ONE OF THE BUSH TRANSITION TEAMS SOME DAYS AGO WHY NOT USE THE CONVERTIBLES? HE SAID WE DON’T HAVE ANY MORE CONVERTIBLES. THERE IS NEVER AN OPTION NOW FOR A PRESIDENT TO RIDE IN A CONVERTIBLE.>>IT NEED NOT EVEN BE DISCUSSED. HE IS TOO VULNERABLE. THEY ARE GOING TO HAVE LIGHTS INSIDE THE CARS. SO WHEN THE PRESIDENT RIDES BY, YOU CAN SEE HIM.>>WE MENTIONED A LITTLE EARLIER THAT THERE ARE A COUPLE OF HUNDRED MEMBERS OF THE BUSH AND THE BUSH/WALKER FAMILY HERE FOR THE INAUGURATION ON CAPITOL HILL. BRIT HUME IS WITH ONE OF THE CLOSER RELATIVES.>>I AM STANDING WITH GEORGE BUSH’S SON, GEORGE. WE ARE WATCHING ON TELEVISION AS THE LIMOUSINE HEADS UP HERE. YOU SAW YOUR DAD EARLIER TODAY AND SPENT SOME TIME WITH HIM. CAN YOU DESCRIBE HIS SPIRITS?>>HE IS REMARKABLY CALM. HE IS A MAN WHO IN ABOUT AN HOUR IS GOING TO BE THE PRESIDENT OF YOUR COUNTRY. DIDN’T SEEM THE LEAST BIT NER VUS. SAW HIM AT BREAKFAST IN HIS PAJAMAS. THE SAME ONES HE WORE ABOUT TWO YEARS AGO, I THINK. I AM AT CHURCH AND HE IS READY TO TAKE THE OATH OF OFFICE AND BEING PRESIDENT. I DON’T SEE ANY SENSE OF ANXIETY IN HIM OR ANY UNNECESSARY TENSION.>>HE SOUGHT THIS OFFICE FOR A LONG TIME. DOES HE SEEM ELATED TO YOU TODAY?>>I WOULDN’T SAY ELATED. I WOULD SAY CONTENT. AES QUIET MAN. HE DOESN’T GET VERY EMOTIONAL ON THINGS. AT LEAST HE DOESN’T SHOW IT. I WOULD SAY HE IS RELAXED AND FULLY PREPARED TO BE THE PRESIDENT IN TERMS OF EMOTION AS WELL AS EXPERIENCE.>>NOW, THE PLACE WHERE I AM STANDING HERE IS IN THE AREA WHERE THE BUSH FAMILY IS GOING TO BE SEATED. MANY OF THEM IN FRONT OF ME AND MORE OF THEM TO THE RIGHT HERE. I FEEL LIKE THE SKUNK AT TH. DO YOU HAVE AN OFFICIAL COUNT ON THE NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF YOUR FAMILY THAT ARE HERE?>>I THINK IT IS ABOUT 24O. AND MAYBE ABOUT ANOTHER THOUSAND WHO ARE CLAIMING THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS. IT IS AMAZING WHAT A VICTORY WILL DO.>>IT SEEMS HARD TO ENLARGE THAT GROUP. PEOPLE HERE ON THE HILL WHOM I HAVE BEEN TALKING TO ABOUT INAUGURAL CEREMONIES PAST SAY THAT NO ONE HAS EVER HAD A CONTINGENT FAMILY THIS LARGE. I UNDERSTAND THAT IT WAS QUITE A SCENE YESTERDAY AT BLAIR HOUSE.>>WE HAVE GOT 22 OF US STAYING THERE AND AS YOU KNOW, THE BLAIR HOUSE HAS GOT SORT OF A FORMAL SETTING THERE. WONDERFUL PEOPLE CARRYING TRAYS FULL OF DRINKS AND STUFF. THESE BOYS WERE TOTALLY SURROUNDED BY TEN SCREAMING GRANDKIDS WHICH BROUGHT THE WHOLE SCENE DOUJ TO EARTH.>>I WAS TOLD THEY WERE TOYS ALL OVER THE FLOOR?>>PEOPLE RIDING LITTLE 3-WHEELERS, KIDS HOLLERING, MOTHERS SCREAMING.>>IN THE MIDDLE OF IT ALL, I’M TOLD YOUR MOTHER WAS ENGAGEED IT IN A GAME OF SIMON SAYS WITH HER GRANDCHILDREN, IS THAT TRUE?>>AND SHE LOST.>>HOTTEST NEWS OF THE DAY, BRIT. WE WILL GO WITH THAT OFFICIAL KOUNLTS. 24O BUSH RELATIVES HERE, ACCORDING TO GEORGE BUSH JR. 22 WHO STAYED AT BLAIR HOUSE. MOST OF THE OTHERS STAYED AT A SMALL HOTEL HERE IN WASHINGTON. AND THEY ARE HAVING A WHALE OF A TIME.>>I WANTED TO ADD ONE POINT ABOUT THE RELATIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS OF BUSH AND REAGAN. YOU REMEMBER IN REAGAN’S FAREWELL HE SAID, WELL, I WASN’T A GREAT COMMUNICATOR, BUT I COMMUNICATED GREAT THINGS. WE OUGHT NEVER TO FORGET IN OUR PROCESS-ORIENTED COVERAGE THAT RONALD REAGAN CAME TO THE PRESIDENT G-N SI WITH A RELATIVELY COHERENT IDEOLOGY. GEORGE BUSH BY HIS OWN ADMISSION IS MUCH MORE A FELLOW WHO IS A HANDS-ON LESS IDEOLOGICAL PRESIDENT. I ALWAYS THOUGHT ONE OF RONALD REAGAN’S GREAT SUPPORTS WAS IN TIMES OF CRISIS. HE IS HE HAD AN ARMY OF TRUE BELIEVEERS THAT WANTED HIM TO BE PRESIDENT FOR 2O YEARS BECAUSE OF WHAT HE WOULD DO. MY BIGGEST DOUBT ABOUT GEORGE BUSH IS SINCE HE HAS NEVER DEFINED CLEARLY AND FIRMLY AN AGENDA, WHEN HE GETS INTO POLITICAL DIFFICULTY, WILL HE HAVE THAT CORPS OF SUPPORT IN THE COUNTRY THAT ENABLES HIM TO RIDE TOUGH POLITICAL TIMES. THAT’S A VERY BIG QUESTION LEFT OPEN ABOUT THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION.>>I WOULD ALSO LIKE ONE MORE COMMENT FROM PIERRE SALINGER. EIGHT YEARS AGO I WAS SITTING IN THE CHAIR YOU NOW OCCUPY. IT REMEMBER EUROPEANS BELITTLEING RONALD REAGAN LIKE NOBODY’S BUSINESS. NOW THEY WATCH HIM HANGDS OVER POWER HERE TODAY WITH ENORMOUS AFFECTION, DON’T THEY?>>THAT’S ABSOLUTELY TRUE, PETER. EIGHT YEARS AGO WHEN HE BECAME PREDS, HE HAD COME OUT OF AN ELECTION WHERE THE EUROPEANS THOUGHT IT WAS A JOKE IN THE UNITED STATES. THE AMERICANS MUST HAVE BEEN CRAZY TO ELECT AN ACTOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. BUT HIS POLICIES AND THE WAY HE CONDUCTED THE PRESIDENT D-N SI AND HIS COMMUNICATIONS EFFORTS GRADUALLY GREW UP HERE IN EUROPE AND GRUET HIM GREAT STRENGTH. WHEN HE RAN FOR RE-ELECTION THE FIRST TIME, A POLL IN FRANCE SHOWED — A COUNTRY WHICH DID NOT LIKE HIM AT ALL — IF HE HAD RUN THERE, HE WOULD HAVE WON BY A WIDER MARGIN THAN IN THE UNITED STATES, WHICH SHOWED THAT HE HAD REALLY ACHIEVED A BIG SUCCESS IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY. HE DID LOSE SOMETHING WITH THE IRANGATE. HE LOST A LOT WITH THE REYKJAVIK SUMMIT. BECAUSE THE EUROPEANS WERE MORE CONCERNED WITH THAT THAN IRANGATE. HE WENT SO FAR TRYING TO MAKE A DEAL WITH MIKHAIL GORBACHEV AND NOT AT ALL IN SELLING HIS EUROPEAN ALLIES. I LEAVES AS THE MOST POPULAR PRESIDENT OF THE 2OTH CENTURY. A MON WHO IMPOSED A LOT ON THE UNITED STATES AND ON THE REST OF THE WORLD. I THINK THAT HIS IMAGE CHANGED IN THE LAST EIGHT YEARS.>>I DON’T KNOW IF YOU SAW THE RESULT OF YOUR OWN POLL LAST NIGHT, BUT IT FINDS THAT PRESIDENT REAGAN LEAVES OFFICE WITH THE HEIGHTEST POPULARITY IN THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE SINCE FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT. AND GEORGE BUSH COMES TO OFFICE WITH THE HIGHEST POPULARITY RATING HE HAS EVER HAD. I SUPPOSE THAT’S NOT UNNATURAL AT THIS MOMENT.>>WELL, IT THE BEGINNING OF AN ADD MINUTE STRAIRX A COUNTRY FOR THE MOST PART — THERE ARE EXCEPTIONS — THAT IS PROSPER US. THERE IS NO WAR, NO THREAT OF WAR. IN FACT, THERE IS A POSSIBILITY OF PEACE. AND PEOPLE GENERALLY FEEL PRETTY GOOD. AND WHEN THE PRESIDENT IS IN OFFICE AT A TIME OF GENERAL PUBLIC HAPPINESS, THEY ATTRIBUTE SOME OF IT TO HIM.>>THAT WAS A GLIMPSE OF THE NATIONAL GALLERY, WHICH TELLS US THIS MOTORCADE IS ABOUT TWO-THIRDS OF ITS WAY TOWARDS CAPITOL HILL. LET’S LISTEN AGAIN-OR TOOLLY LISTEN FOR THE FIRST TIME TO OUR BUREAU CHIEF IN MOSCOW, WALTER RODGERS. WALT, GIVE US A QUICK IMPRESSION ABOUT HOW THE SOVIETS FEEL ABOUT THE TRANSITION.>>PETER, THE MOST INTERESTING THING WAS JUST ON SOVIET TELEVISION A FEW MINUTES AGO. THE SOVIETS ADMITTED THAT THEY HAVE BADLY MISJUDGED RONALD REAGAN. THEY’VE PREFERED TO IGNORE HIS FIRST TERM IN OFFICE. THEY LIKE HIS SECOND TERM. BUT I FIND IT FASCINATING THAT AFTER CALLING HIM ORIGINAL, AND A MENTAL MIDGET, THEY NOW SAY THEY MISJUDGED HIM. THEY LIKE HIM.>>THAT HAS SOMETHING TO DO WITH THE FACT THAT RONALD REAGAN HAS CHANGED HIS APPEARANCE AND HIS ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE SOVIETS.>>THAT’S TRUE. THE SOVIETS HAVE CHANGED. DURING HIS FIRST TERM IN OFFICE, HE HAD TO DEAL WITH SICK MEN. THE SOVIETS WEREN’T CAPABLE OF CON DUGING THIS KIND OF FLEXIBLE FOREIGN POLICY THAT THEY ARE UNDER BL- GORBACHEV. IN MR. REAGAN’S SECOND TERM, HE GOT VERY LUCKY AND DEALT WITH GORBACHEV.>>THE SOVIET PRESS IS MUCH MORE OPEN THAN IT WAS EIGHT YEARS AGO. WE ARE WATCHING THE PRESIDENTIAL MOTORCADE ARRIVE AT MOMENT ON THE NORTH SIDE OF CAPITOL HILL ITSELF AND MAKE ITS WAY THROUGH THAT SECURITY MAZE THERE. ONE OF THE THINGS YOU ARE NOT GOING TO SEE TODAY IS A MILITARY REVIEW ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE CAPITOL THERE BECAUSE THE MILITARY CAN’T MAKE ITS WAY THROUGH THAT SECURITY THERE. BUT THERE’S THE PRESIDENTIAL MOTORCADE. VERY BRIEFLY, WALT, AS WE WATCH THE PRESIDENT, WHAT DO THEY EXPECT FROM GEORGE BUSH OR ANYTHING SO FAR?>>THEY EXPECT CONTINUETY, PETER. THEY WANT TO SPWILD ON THE ARMS CONTROL PROGRESS THAT WAS MADE IN MR. REAGAN’S FIRST ADMINISTRATION. THEY VERY MUCH WANT AGREEMENTS ON A 5O% REDUCTION IN STRATEGIC NUCLEAR WEAPONS, AND REDUCTIONS IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS.>>THANKS VERY MUCH. I WANT TO GO TO SHEILAH KAST WHO IS STANDING RIGHT OUTSIDE THE LAW LIBRARY DOOR ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE CAPITOL. SHEILAH?>>THE MOTORCADE HAS JUST PULLED UP. WE CAN SEE PRESIDENT-ELECT BUSH SITTING IN THE BACK SEAT SMILING, AS EVERYONE HAS REPORTED, HE LOOKS VERY RELAXED. AS HE NOTED A LITTLE WHILE ARX THIS SIDE OF THE CAPITOL USED TO BE THE CENTER STAGE. NOW IT HAS TURNED INTO THE GREEN ROOM. THAT’S SENATOR FORD, THE CHAIRMAN OF THE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE. THEY WILL NOW GO INTO A HOLDING ROOM F-R A FEW MINUTES.>>DO YOU HAVE ANY ROOMS FOR US TODAY? PRESIDENT BUSH?>>THAT’S JIM WRIGHT, THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.>>THE CONVERSATION ABOUT SHOUTING, THERE WAS A FULL CORRESPONDENT WHO WAS SHOUTING TO PRESIDENT REAGAN AND DID NOT GET MUCH OF A RESPONSE.>>PRESIDENT REAGAN? ANY LAST THOUGHTS FOR US TODAY? ANY LAST THOUGHTS TODAY? PRESIDENT-ELECT BUSH, ANY LAST THOUGHTS FOR US?>>THE PRESIDENT IS A BIT HARD OF HEARING, AS I THINK EVERYBODY KNOWS. BUT I OFTEN WONDER ON OCCASIONS LIKE THIS WHEN HE GIVES YOU THAT BROAD SMILE, I’M CONVINCED HE HAS HEARD EVERYTHING CLEARLY AND JUST DECIDES NOT TO RESPOND AT ALL.>>WHAT CAN YOU SAY TO A QUESTION LIKE THAT AT A TIME LIKE THIS? NOTHING. QUITE AGREE.>>DO YOU HAVE ANY ADVICE FOR MR. BUSH?>>THERE IS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ROSE COMMITTEE, WHICH IS IN CHARGE OF BUSINESS ABOUT THE SENATE SIDE OF THE CAPITOL, DOWN TO AND INCLUDING THE PARKING SPACES, WHICH MAY BE HIS GREATEST SOURCE OF POWER.>>THEY ARE ALL GOING TO MAKE THEIR WAY INTO A ROOM SIMPLY CALLED EF-100. AND THEY’RE GOING TO STAY IN A FAIRLY NONDESCRIPT ROOM. THERE IS A BATHROOM THERE, THERE ARE A COUPLE OF OLD PRINTS OF WASHINGTON. AND THIS IS THE HOLDING ROOM WHILE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GOVERNMENT, THE SUPREME COURT, THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS, AND THE CHURCH GET THEMSELVES ORGANIZED OFFICIALLY AND FORMALLY ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE CAPITOL. WE ARE ABOUT 45 MINUTES AWAY FROM THAT MAGIC MOMENT OF NOON WHEN POWER PASSES FROM RONALD REAGAN TO GEORGE BUSH. AND WE WILL BE BACK IN JUST A MOMENT.>>THE WEST SIDE OF THE CAPITOL.>>ISN’T THAT BEAUTIFUL? IT LOOKS LIKE A POST CARD. IN FACT, IT IS A POST CARD.>>NO OTHER BUILDING IN THE NATION IS SO LINKED WITH THE NATION. OUT OF SO MANY COMES ONE. THERE, BY THE WAY, A SEMBLANCE OF THIS GEORGE TO GEORGE, THIS BY SEN TELLIAN. IF YOU LOOK AT THE FLAGS, THERE’S AN EVOLUTION AIR I PROCESS, FROM THE FLAG THAT APPEARED 200 YEARS AGO AND THERE BOW BELOW — DOWN BELOW, YOU CAN SEE THE RED BUNTING. THAT’S RECOLLECTION OF WHAT IT WAS LIKE IN NEW YORK CITY 200 YEARS AGO, AS GEORGE WASHINGTON’S INAUGURATION TOOK PLACE. FLAGS ACROSS THE CAPITOL, TAKE A QUICK LOOK AT THEM. FROM 1776, 1877 — >>13 STARS.>>1877. HERE IS SORT OF HOW THE FLAG HAS CHANGED OVER TIME. QUITE ASTONISHING.>>I DON’T REMEMBER EVER SEEING THAT ONE.>>INTERESTING TO HEAR THE U.S. NAVY BAND PLAYING “DIXIE” IN THE BACKGROUND.>>I THINK WE HAVE HAD 48 STATES LONGER THAN WE’VE HAD ANY OTHER NUMBER. NOW, OF COURSE, 50. THAT’S IN THE MIDDLE. PRETTY. YOU KNOW, BRIT HUME WAS TALKING A WHILE AGO, PETER, ABOUT THE GREAT CROWD OF BUSH RELATIVES AND FRIENDS WHO HAVE COME HERE TODAY. AND SORT OF WONDERED HOW HE MANAGED TO KEEP IN TOUCH WITH SO MANY PEOPLE. THE ANSWER IS THAT GEORGE BUSH IS A NOTE WRITER. WHENEVER HE HAS NOTHING ELSE TO DO, HE SITS DOWN, WRITES NOTES HIS FRIENDS OF SUCH THINGS AS A NEW GRANDCHILD. HE’S FAMOUS FOR THAT, DOES IT ALL THE TIME. AND PEOPLE LIKE IT. MAINTAINS FRIENDSHIPS WITH PEOPLE HE CAN’T SEE VERY OFTEN.>>COLONEL JOHN BUECH WITH A. THEY PLAYED AT THOMAS JEFFERSON’S INAUGURATION.>>IT WAS THOMAS JEFFERSON WHO GAVE THE BAND THE TITLE OF “THE PRESIDENT’S OWN.”>>THERE ARE THOSE WHO THINK THIS SHOULD BE OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM.>>YES.>>THE UNITED STATES MARINE BAND, PLAYED FOR EVERY PRESIDENT EXCEPT GEORGE WASHINGTON. WE’LL BE BACK. NOW THERE’S
VASELINE INTENSIVE CARE HAND AND NAIL FORMULA LOTION. TO SOFTEN ROUGH, DRY HANDS
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IN EQUAL TREATMENT HE’S BEING REALLY
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TO THE LAST DROP FEELING… ♪ ISN’T LIFE… MAGNIFICENT? WOW! WHATCHA
EATING, BABE? NUTTIN’ HONEY. OH, YOU
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WHAT IS IT? NUTTIN’ HONEY. ♪ KELLOGG’S
NUT & HONEY CRUNCH… ♪ WHEN YOU’VE GOT THE SPECIAL
TASTE OF NUTS AND HONEY ALL WRAPPED UP
IN A HEARTY CRUNCH, WHAT MORE CAN YOU SAY? HERE’S WHAT. NEW NUT & HONEY CRUNCH
BISCUITS! CRUNCHY BISCUITS
OF WHOLESOME SHREDDED WHEAT WITH THAT SPECIAL
NUT AND HONEY TASTE INSIDE. MMM…WOW! ♪ KELLOGG’S NUT & HONEY… ♪ NOW IN BISCUITS, TOO. ♪ CRUNCH! ♪♪>>THE NATION’S CAPITAL OF COURSE IS MUCH MORE THAN A IS THE I OF SYMBOLS AND MONUMENTS. IT’S A TROUBLED CITY IN MANY WAYS, BUT TODAY IT’S A SYMBOL OF MONUMENTS. YOU WERE TELLING A WONDERFUL STORY ABOUT THE JEFFERSON MONUMENT.>>JOHN KENNEDY WAS LOOKING OUT WITH HIS MILITARY AIDE AND THIS IS AT NIGHT. HE SAID TO HIM, WHY IS THE JEFFERSON MEMORIAL NOT LIGHTED AT NIGHT. THE LINCOLN MEMORIAL IS, THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT, THE CAPITOL IS AND NOBODY KNEW. THEY WENT DOWNSTAIRS, GOT A LIMO AND A DRIVER, WENT TO THE JEFFERSON MEMORIAL AND ASKED. NOBODY KNEW. HE CALLED THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT, PARK SERVICE AND ORDER THEM TO LIGHT IT, AND THEY DID. IT’S BEEN LIT EVER SINCE.>>MUST HAVE SCARED THE YOU KNOW WHAT ABOUT THE GUARD.>>I GUESS.>>OF COURSE IF YOU COME TO THIS CAPITOL, YOU WILL SEE THAT IT IS LIT AT NIGHT. EVERYTHING YOU SEE TODAY WITH ONE EXCEPTION HAS TO DO WITH REALLY EVOLVING TRADITION. SENATOR DOLE. GEORGE BUSH’S OPPONENT ON THE PRIMARY AND CAUCUS CAMPAIGN EARLIER. ALAN CRANSTON, SENATOR FROM CALIFORNIA, SENATOR HOLLINGS. WHO IS ON THE RIGHT, DAVID?>>I DON’T KNOW.>>THAT’S METZENBAUM FROM OHIO. PAUL SIMON WHO RAN BRIEFLY FOR PRESIDENT. IN FRONT, ONE OF THE NEW SENATORS, CHUCK ROBB FROM VIRGINIA. JERRY FALWELL. AMONG THE MORE THAN 10,000 PEOPLE WHO HAVE GATHERED ON CAPITOL HILL THIS MORNING, MANY OF AN OFFICIAL NATURE FROM TENNESSEE, SENATOR AL GORE. WITH A WINDSWEPT LOOK. MAN WHO RAN ON SUPER TUESDAY AND THOUGHT HE COULD TURN THAT INTO A VICTORY AND FAILED. SENATOR BYRD. GEORGE BUSH AND HE WILL HAVE THAT LOVE OF COUNTRY MSIC IN COMMON.>>HE’S A FIDDLER. HE PLAYS AT EVENTS AROUND THE STATE.>>BRIT HUME, GIVE US A SENSE OF THE MOOD.>>FIRST OF ALL, IT’S STARTING TO GET COLD. THE WIND HAS PICKED UP. THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO ARE IN JACKETS WITH NO COATS. THEY’RE GOING TO REGRET THAT. THIS PLACE IS FASCINATING UP HERE, BECAUSE IT’S A STUDY IN CONTRAST. A LOT OF PEOPLE IN FUR COATS, A LOT OF PEOPLE WEARING RAIN COATS. ONE MAN IS WEARING A BLACK CHESTERFIELD COAT AND A HOMBURG. THE MAN IMMEDIATELY TO HIS RIGHT IS WEARING A RAINCOAT AND SAFARI HAT.>>I WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGE THAT I OWE YOU MONEY, I’M AWARE OF THAT. IT’S AN INSIDE JOKE, I GRANT YOU. BUT WE DISCOVERED YESTERDAY THAT IT’S ONLY ON SUCH OCCASIONS DO COMMENTATORS USE THE PHRASE MAKING THEIR WAY IN REFERRING TO PEOPLE GOING FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER. I DON’T KNOW WHY WE DO IT.>>YOU SAID TO EVERYBODY THAT WE’VE BEEN TALKING TO EVERYBODY, PLEASE DON’T SAY “MAKING HIS WAY.”>>NO, THAT WAS BRIT HUME WHO SAID IT. THAT’S WHY I LOST MONEY. BRIT MENTIONED A MAN IN A BLACK HOMBURG. WE SAW GEORGE BUSH WEARING RAUNCHY FISHING CLOTHES. THERE’S A FAMOUS PICTURE OF HERBERT HOOVER FLY-FISHING, STANDING UP IN WATER UP TO HIS KNEES, WEARING WADERS, WEARING BLACK SHOES, BLACK NECKTIE AND A BLACK HOMBURG FISHING.>>SOMEBODY WILL TRY TO FIND THAT PICTURE. JACK KEMP, ANOTHER OPPONENT OF GEORGE BUSH’S, WHO IS GOING TO GO IN, AS THE SIGN SAYS, TO BE SECRETARY OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. I CAN’T TELL YOU MUCH AT THIS POINT ABOUT THE CLOTHING EXCEPT THIS. MRS. BUSH, AS YOU CAN ALL PLAINLY SEE IS WEARING WHAT’S DESCRIBED TO US AS TURQUOISE. HER OUTFIT WAS DESIGNED BY BILL BLASS. MRS. QUAYLE’S OUTFITS HAVE ALL BEEN DESIGNED BY STUDENTS OF THE DESIGN INSTITUTE. IT HAS A NUMBER OF BRANCHES, THE WEST COAST AND A REPRESENTATION HERE. MRS. BUSH MADE THIS WOERFUL PRESENTATION OF HERSELF AT ONE OF THESE EVENTS YESTERDAY IN WHICH SHE SAID TOO A LARGE CROWD AND IT WAS SEEN WIDELY ON TELEVISION. TAKE A LOOK AT ME IN MY DESIGNER CLOTHES, THE NAIKUP AND EVERYTHING. LOOK AT ME VERY CLOSELY ALL WEEK, AS OF COURSE WE ARE GOING TO DO, BECAUSE IT MAY BE THE LAST TIME WE’LL SEE IT. SHE WISHES TO MAKE HER VIRTUE OUT OF — WHAT’S THE WORD — PLAINNESS?>>SIMPLICITY.>>EVERYTHING ABOUT THIS INAUGURATION IS TRADITION, EXCEPT FOR THE OATH. THE ONLY THING THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES IS THE OATH. EVERYTHING ELSE — YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT PRESIDENT HOOVER LOOKING AT THE CARS WHILE PRESIDENT HARDING WAS THE FIRST TO TRAVEL TO THE CAPITOL IN A CAR.>>EITHER PIERCE OR HARDING. MAYBE BOTH. MAYBE NEITHER. THAT’S THE RED HANGING THAT’S PUT UP AS A SORT OF TRIBUTE TO THE FIRST INAUGURAL AT FEDERAL HALL IN NEW YORK CITY IN 1789. THAT IS THE IDENTICAL HANGING TO THAT OVER THE LITTLE BALCONY WHERE GEORGE WASHINGTON TOOK THE OATH OF OFFICE IN A FAMOUS ENGRAVEING WE HAVE ALL SEEN. BUT IT IS WHAT YOU SEE HERE.>>OF COURSE MARTHA WASHINGTON DID NOT ATTEND HER HUSBAND’S INAUGURATION. SHE STAYED HOME IN MT. VERNON.>>WHEN YOU CONSIDER THE DISTANCE AND THE MODE OF TRAVEL, YOU COULDN’T BLAME HER.>>WELL, FIGURE THAT OUT.>>FROM WASHINGTON TO MT. VERNON IS RUFFLE 12 MILES. FROM WASHINGTON TO NEW YORK TODAY — I DON’T KNOW ABOUT THE ROADS THEN — IS 225. ALL OF THAT ON MUDDY ROADS AND BUMPY TRAVELING AND A HORSE-DRAWN CARRIAGE. I THINK IT TOOK HIM EIGHT DAYS TO GET THERE. AND SHE DIDN’T WANT TO DO IT. YOU CAN’T BLAME HER.>>NOT AT ALL. IT IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY THE INAUGURATION IN THOSE DAYS WAS HELD IN MARCH. IT WAS BECAUSE OF THE DIFFICULTY OF TRAVEL AND THE TIME THAT IT WAS FELT NEEDED FOR PEOPLE TO MAKE THEIR WAY, WHETHER TO SIT IN THE CONGRESS OR FOR THE PRESIDENT TO GET HIMSELF ORGANIZED. THERE WAS EVEN MUCH DEBATE ON HOW TO CONDUCT 9 FIRST INAUGURATION. WHAT SHOULD GEORGE WASHINGTON BE CALLED?>>SOME WANTED TO CALL HIM “YOUR HIGHNESS, ” “YOUR MA JESTY.” THOSE WOULD HAVE BEEN THE MOST CUMBERSOME TITLES IN THE WESTERN WORLD. THEY SETTLED ON MR. PRESIDENT. AND THAT’S IT.>>A PENNSYLVANIA SENATOR OF THE DAY, WILLIAM MCCLAY, I THINK, DESCRIBED GEORGE WASHINGTON THEN AS BEING AGITATED AND EMBARRASSED MORE THAN HE EVER WAS BY THE LEVELED CANNON OR THE POINTED MUST KET. HE TREMBLEED SEVERAL TIMES AND ON SOME OCCASIONS COULD HARDLY READ.>>HE ALSO SAID WHAT HAS NOT BEEN SAID SINCE AND NO DOUBT WILL NEVER BE SAID AGAIN. THAT HE WAS UNFIT FOR THE OFFICE. HE WAS UNQUALIFIED. HE WASN’T GOOD ENOUGH FOR IT. LOIS POUFRL, THE FORMER SUPREME COURT JUSTICE — >>THE SUPREME COURT DIDN’T EXIST THEN.>>GEORGE BUSH WILL BE SWORN IN BY THE CHIEF JUSTICE WILLIAM REHNQUIST.>>THE JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789 SET UP THE SUPREME COURT, AND IT CALLED THEM JUDGES ONLY. THAT’S ALL IT CALLED THEM. THE TITLE OF ASSOCIATE JUSTICE, CHIEF JUSTICE, CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES, WHICH WAS INTRODUCED BY EARL WARREN, PRIOR TO THAT, IT WAS CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT, HAVE ALL COME LATER. I THINK THEY THINK THOSE ARE MORE RESOUNDING TITLES THAN “JUDGE.”>>I KEEP TAKING A LOOK AT THE HERALD OF TRUMPETERS UP ON THE BALCONY. I THINK WE WILL HEAR THEM FOR THE FIRST TIME.>>A LITTLE BOWING FROM THE EUROPEAN ROYALTY, PA GENTRY.>>BARBARA BUSH, MARRIED TO A PRESIDENT, RELATED TO ONE. HER FATHER MARVIN PIERCE WAS A DECENDENT OF FRANKLIN PIERCE, THE 14TH PRESIDENT. GEORGE BUSH’S MOTHER. IT IS NO, SIR A VERY GLAMOROUS ROUTE THEY TAKE FROM THE HOEDING ROOM THROUGH THE CRYPT WHICH IS DIRECTLY UNDERNEATH THE DOME, FILLED WITH CAPITOL MEMORABILIA. NESS THE SERGEANT IN ARMS OF THE SENATE, WHO LEADS THEM ON. THEY GO DOWN A FLIGHT OF STAIRS, A NONDESCRIPT FLIGHT OF STAIRS AND THROUGH A REVOLVING DOOR AND THEN WHEN THEY GO BACK, BECAUSE IT IS ON THE EAST FRONT OF THE CAPITOL, WHERE RONALD REAGAN WILL SAY HIS GOOD-BYES TO WASHINGTON AND GEORGE BUSH, THEY WILL GO BACK THROUGH THE ROW TUN DA. THAT REPOS TRI OF SO MANY THINGS IN HISTORY.>>VERY FEW WOULD EVER WALK THIS ROUTE UNLESS ON HIS WAY TO BECOME PRESIDENT. THERE WOULD BE NO OTHER WAY TO GO THERE.>>IT LEADS TO A BALCONY OUT DOORS WHICH ORDINARILY IS HARDLY EVER USED. THE PARKING LOT AND SO ON ARE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE CAPITOL. THIS SUBWAY TO THE SENATE OFFICE BUILDINGS, TO THE HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING, THE PARKING GARAGES, ALL OF THE ESSENTIAL FACTORS OF THE LEGISLATIVE LIFE, ARE ON THE EAST SIDE.>>IT WAS PROFESSOR GRAFF WHO SAID EARLIER THAT PRESIDENTS LEAVE ON TIME. WHEN PRESIDENT REAGAN LEAVES THE EAST FRONT OF THE CAPITOL TODAY, HE WILL BE ON HIS WAY TO RETIREMENT IN CALIFORNIA. AND THERE IS THE HELICOPTER WITH WHICH WE’VE ALL BECOME SO FAMILIAR, WAITING THERE OUTSIDE THE EAST FRONT. THE PRESIDENT WILL MAKE, I GUESS, A VICTORY LAP IN A SENSE. HE WILL DO ONE TOUR OVER THE ELLIPSE FOR ONE LAST LOOK DOWN. OF COURSE, IT WON’T BE HIS LAST. BUT HIS SYMBOLIC LAST TOUR OVER THIS CAPITOL IN WHICH HE HAS HELD SWAY FOR EIGHT YEARS.>>THAT’S ONE OF THE HELICOPTERS FOR EIGHT YEARS THAT TOOK HIM TO CAMP DAVID. THE MARINE CORPS.>>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AND MRS. REAGAN.>>ROUGHLESS AND FLOURISHS AND HAIL TO THE CHIEF, ANOTHER PART OF OUR TRADITION. IT WAS JULIA TYLER, THE WIEFR OF JOHN TYLER, THE 10TH PRESIDENT OF THE U.S., WHO FIRST GAVE INSTRUCTIONS FOR “HAIL TO THE CHIEF” TO BE PLAYED WHEN EVER HER HUSBAND MADE AN OFFICIAL APPEARANCE. AND WE ALL KNOW HOW FIRMLY FIXED IT IS IN THE TRADITION OF THE LAND NOW.>>MOST PRESIDENTS IN PRIVATE SAY THEY GET TIRED OF HEARING IT BECAUSE EVERY TIME THEY WALK THROUGH A DOOR, SOMEBODY PLAYS IT.>>AND THERE ARE WORDS TO IT, THINK FROM SIR WALTER SCOTT, “WHICH HAIL CHIEF COME TRIUMPHANT.”>>WOULD YOU CARE TO SING THE WORDS?>>YOU COULD FEEL THE WARMTH THERE FROM THE PRESIDENT IN THAT APPLAUSE.>>PEOPLE LIKE HIM.>>WE WILL BE BACK IN A MOMENT. THEY ARE RUNNING A LITTLE BEHIND TIME. MR. BUSH HAS GOT TO BE SWORN IN AT NOON. ALL ABOARD! Take your seats,
please. CAN I GET INTO
THAT SEAT, PLEASE? IS THIS
SEAT TAKEN? IT’S CROWDED. AREN’T YOU GLAD YOU USE DIAL? brakes sc) We are sorry to announce… DON’T YOU WISH EVERYBODY DID? …a slight delay.>>THERE IS VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT QUAYLE. I DON’T EVEN KNOW WHEN HE STOPPED BEING SENATOR, DO YOU?>>ALREADY?>>I GUESS.>>HE HAS TO RESIGN FROM THE OFFICE AND EXACTLY WHEN HE DID IT — I ASSUME HE HAS DONE.>>I MISSED IT. I KNOW THERE IS A NEW SENATOR FROM INDIANA. AND I APOLOGIZE. I DON’T KNOW HIS NAME EITHER. SENATOR QUAYLE HAS HAD A VERY BUSY TRANSITION TIME. MRS. QUAYLE, OF COURSE. STRONG, DETERMINED WOMAN.>>SHE IS A LAWYER.>>A LAWYER WHO GAVE UP HER LEGAL PRACTICE TO DEVOTE HER TIME TO HER HUSBAND AND HER CHILDREN. A VERY ACTIVE WOMAN IN THE LIVES OF HER CHILDREN.>>EXCUSE ME. –>>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THE VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT OF THE UNITED STATES.>>HE SHE WANTED A JOB IN WASHINGTON, SOME TYPE OF PRIVATE WORK.>>”HAIL COLUMBIA” FOR THE VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT.>>DAN QUAYLE HAS GOT A NEW SHIRT ON.>>MR. QUAYLE-LET’S CALL HIM MR. QUAYLE FOR THE MOMENT. HE HAS HAD A VERY BUSY TRANSITION. CONSULTING ALL SORTS OF PEOPLE ON THE ROLE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT. AS BEST WE CAN TELL AND IT IS HARD TO TELL S-RB — TIMES HARD TO LOOK BEHIND THE CURTAIN IN THIS CITY, AS WE KNOW, HE HAS BEEN DOING A LOT OF HOMEWORK. CONSULTED SO MANY PEOPLE LIKE WALTER MONDALE, FORMER PRESIDENT NIXON. AND HE HAS SAID IN RECENT DAYS THAT HE WANTED HIS OWN VICE-PRESIDENCY TO BE MODELED ON THE RELATIONSHIP THAT GEORGE BUSH HAD WITH RONALD REAGAN. THAT’S ONE PROUD STATEMENT.>>ACTUALLY A BRIEFING ON THE DUTIES OF THE VICE PRESIDENT WOULD TAKE ABOUT 15 SECONDS. HIS ONLY DUTY, ONLY DUTY IS TO PRESIDE OVER THE SENATE. WHICH THEY USUALLY DON’T DO ANY WAY. BEYOND THAT, WHATEVER THE PRESIDENT WANTS HIM TO DO, ASKS HIM TO DO, THAT’S ALL.>>BRIT HUME IS GOING TO MOVE FROM THE SENATE TO THE WHITE HOUSE FOR US, A WE’VE ALREADY SAID. WHAT’S THE EARLY READ ON QUAYLE FROM YOUR PERSPECTIVE?>>I HAVE TALKED TO VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT QUAYLE ABOUT WHAT KIND OF ROLE HE WOULD LIKE TO PLAY, PETER. HE TOLD ME THAT THIS IDEA — THERE YOU SEE THE VICE PRESIDENT ABOUT TO COME OUT. HE SAID THAT HE WAS URGED BY HOWARD BAKER TO PLAY A BIG ROLE ON THE HILL. THEN HE SAT DOWN WITH FORMER VICE PRESIDENT MONDALE WHO SAID THAT WAS A TERRIBLE IDEA. I THINK HE WAS MORE INCLINED TO BELIEVE MONDALE BECAUSE MONDALE HAD BEEN VICE PRESIDENT AND MORE OR LESS SET THE TONE FOR THE ACTIVE VICE-PRESIDENCY.>>THERE IS STILL SOME CONFUSION, BRIT, ISN’T THIS, AS TO THE PRECISE MOTIVATION ON GEORGE BUSH’S BEHALF IN CHOOSING SENATOR QUAYLE?>>I THINK THERE IS SOME SENSE THAT IT WAS DONE FOR THE RAWEST KIND OF POLITICAL REASONS. NOW I THINK YOU WILL SEE EXHIBITED BY PRESIDENT BUSH A STRONG SENSE OF LOYALTY TOWARD QUAYLE. HE FEELS QUITE PROTECTIVE TOWARD HIM. AND I THINK HE WILL DO EVERYTHING HE CAN TO TRY TO ALLOW THIS MAN TO REHABILITATE HIMSELF POLITICALLY. QUAYLE DOES HAVE ONE ADVANTAGE. SHIRTLY, VICE PRESIDENT — PRESIDENT-TO-BE BUSH KNOWS THAT FOR BETTER OR WORSE, DAN QUAYLE IS A HUGE CELEBRITY.>>FROM YOUR POINT OF VIEW SO FAR AS COVERING PRESIDENT-ELECT BUSH, HOW DOES HE WANT TO USE DAN QUAYLE?>>I’M NOT SURE HE’S TOO CLEAR ABOUT THAT. HE’S SPOKEN OF IMPORTANT MISSIONS, I DON’T KNOW WHAT THEY ARE YET OF THE BUT HE’S VERY DETERMINED TO SEE THAT QUAYLE IS ABLE TO UNDERTAKE TASKS WHERE HE’LL HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO SHOW THAT HE IS AN INTELLIGENT MAN AND NOT SOMEONE WHO HAS NO IDEA ABOUT AFFAIRS OF STATE, WHICH MANY PEOPLE CAME AWAY FROM THE CAMPAIGN THINKING.>>THE FIRST FUNERAL WILL BE THE EM P-R ROR OF — EMPEROR OF JAPAN.>>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.>>THERE IS A HERALDED TRUMPETER. WE HADN’T SEEN THEM BEFORE.>>ANOTHER SMALL PIECE OF TRADITION, SAM. HELLO TO HIS MOTHER. VERY GRITY LADY, MRS. BUSH, NOT IN THE ABSOLUTE PINK OF HEALTH.>>NEVERTHELESS, GEORGE BUSH LOOKS LIKE HER.>>THAT GENTLEMAN YOU KEEP SEEING BACK AND FORTH WITH THE BUSHES IS THE SERGEANT AT ARMS. THERE YOU SEE IT. GEORGE BUSH IS NOT GOING TO HAVE — IF WE COULD TAKE ONE MORE LOOK AT THAT. POOR GEORGE BUSH IS NOT GOING TO HAVE A CHANCE TO SEE THIS WONDERFUL VISTA BECAUSE SMACK IN FRONT OF HIM IS THE BIGGEST DARN PLATFORM THIS TELEVISION PLATFORM IS ON.>>VICE PRESIDENT AND MY FEM OWE AMERICANS, ON BEHALF OF THE INAUGURAL COMMITTEES, WELCOME TO THE BICENTENNIAL PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION. IT IS NOW MY PLEASURE TO PRESENT FOR THE INVOCATION, THE REVEREND BILLY GRAHAM.>>WENDELL FORD, CHAIRMAN OF THE RULES COMMITTEE.>>SHALL WE PRAY. OUR FATHER AND OUR GOD, BLESSED IS THE NATION WHOSE GOD IS THE LORD. WE RECOGNIZE ON THIS HISTORIC OCCASION THAT WE ARE A NATION UNDER GOD. THIS FAITH IN GOD IS OUR FOUNDATION AND OUR HERITAGE. THOU HAS WARNED US IN THE HOLY SCRIPT TOURS IF THE FOUNDATION BE DESTROYED, WHAT CAN THE RIGHTEOUS DO? FOR TIMES IN THEE HAS FAULTD AND WE’VE CHOSEN TO GO OUR OWN WAY RATHER THAN THE WAY YOU WOULD HAVE US GO, BOTH AS INDIVIDUALS AND AS A NATION. FORGIVE US, WE PRAY, AS WE TURN TO THEE IN FAITH. RESTORE US TO THYSELF AND CREATE IN US A DESIRE TO FOLLOW YOUR WILL FOR ALL OF OUR LIVES. AS GEORGE WASHINGTON REMINDED US IN HIS ADDRESS, MORALITY AND FAITH ARE THE PILLARS OF OUR SO EYE TI. THE SKRIP TOUR ALSO SAYS, PROMOTION COMES NOT FROM THE EAST NOR FROM THE WEST BUT FROM THEE. WE ACKNOWLEDGE YOUR DIVINE HELP IN THE SELECTION OF OUR LEADERSHIP EACH FOUR YEARS. WE RECOGNIZE, OH LORD, THAT IN YOUR SOVEREIGNTY, YOU HAVE PERMITTED RONALD REAGAN TO LEAD US FOR THE PAST EIGHT YEARS. WE PLAY THAT — PRAY THAT HAS HE AND HIS WIFE, NANCY LEAVE THE WHITE HOUSE AND GO TO THE WEST COAST THAT YOU WILL GIVE THEM MANY MORE YEARS OF HEALTH AND HAPPINESS. NOW WE COME TO A NEW ERA. YOU HAVE PERMITTED GEORGE BUSH TO LEAD US AT THIS MOMENTOUS HOUR FOR THE NEXT FOUR YEARS. AS HE TODAY PLACES HIS HAND UPON THE BIBLE AND SOLEMNLY SWEARS BEFORE YOU TO PRO SERVE, PROTECT AND DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION, GIVE HIM THE WISDOM, INTEGRITY AND COURAGE TO HELP THIS BECOME A NATION THAT IS GENTLE AND KIND. PROTECT HIM FROM PHYSICAL DANGER. AND IN THE LONELY MOMENTS OF DECISION, GRANT HIM YOUR WISDOM TO KNOW WHAT IS MORALLY RIGHT AND AN UNCOMPROMISING COURAGE TO DO IT. GIVE HIM A COOL HEAD AND A WARM HEART. GIVE HIM A COMPASSION FOR THOSE IN PHYSICAL, MORAL AND SPIRITUAL NEED. OH GOD, WE CONSECRATE TODAY GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH TO THE PRESIDENCY OF THESE UNITED STATES. WITH THE ASSURANCE THAT FROM THIS HOUR ON, AS HE AND HIS FAMILY MOVE INTO THE WHITE HOUSE, THEY WILL HAVE THE PRESENCE AND THE POWER OF THE ONE WHO SAID I WILL NEVER LEE THEE NOR FORESAKE YOU. WE BLESS HIS WIFE BARBARA, HIS CHILDREN AND HIS MOTHER WHO IS HERE TODAY. WHAT WE PRAY FOR PRESIDENT BUSH WE ALSO PRAY FOR VICE PRESIDENT JAMES DANFORTH QUAYLE AND HIS WIFE, MARILYN, AND THEIR CHILDREN. WE PRAY FOR THE MEMBERS OF THE CABINET, THE CONGRESS, THE COURTS, AND ALL OTHERS WHOM YOU HAVE EN TRUSD WITH POSITIONS OF LEADERSHIP. WE PRAY THAT THE SPIRITUAL TIDE THAT MANY OF US HAVE SENSED RUNNING IN THIS NATION MAY CONTINUE. AS WE READ OUR NEWSPAPERS AND WATCH OUR TELEVISION SCREENS, IT SEEMS THAT EVIL IS GETTING WORSE. BUT WE THANK YOU FOR THE MILLIONS OF PEOPLE THAT PRAY DAILY AND GO TO CHURCH AND SYNAGOGUE ON THE WEEKENDS. WE BELIEVE THAT THIS IS THE DAY THE LORD HAS MADE. LET US REJOICE AND BE GLAD IN IT. WE PRAY IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER, THE SON AND THE HOLY SPIRIT. AMEN.>>REVEREND BILLY GRAHAM. HE’S NOW 70.>>IT’S NOW MY SPECIAL PLEASURE TO INTRODUCE THE HARM HE WILL — HARLEM BOYS CHOIR FROM KENTUCKY. THEY WILL SING “THIS IS MY COUNTRY.”>>LITTLE TOWN WHERE THE CHOIR REPRESENTS THE TOWN’S PRIDE. ♪ BREATHES THERE A MAN ♪ ♪ WITH SOUL SO DEAD ♪ ♪ WHO NEVER TO HIMSELF
HATH SAID ♪ ♪ THIS IS MY OWN,
MY NATIVE LAND ♪ ♪ THIS IS MY COUNTRY, ♪ ♪ LAND OF MY BIRTH ♪ ♪ THIS IS MY COUNTRY, ♪ ♪ GRANDEST ON EARTH ♪ ♪ I PLEDGE THEE MY ALLEGIANCE, ♪ ♪ AMERICA, THE BOLD ♪ ♪ FOR THIS IS MY COUNTRY ♪ ♪ WHAT DIFFERENCE IF I HAIL ♪ ♪ FROM NORTH OR SOUTH ♪ ♪ MY HEART IS FILLED WITH LOVE ♪ ♪ FOR ALL OF THESE ♪ ♪ I ONLY KNOW
I SWELL WITH PRIDE ♪ ♪ AND DEEP WITHIN MY BREAST ♪ ♪ I THRILL TO SEE OLD GLORY ♪ ♪ PAINT THE BREEZE ♪ ♪ WITH HAND UPON MY HEART ♪ ♪ FOR ALL I LOVE IS HERE ♪ ♪ WITHIN HER GATES ♪ ♪ MY SOUL IS ROOTED DEEPLY ♪ ♪ IN THE SOIL ON WHICH I STAND ♪ ♪ FOR THESE ARE MINE, ♪ ♪ THIS IS MY COUNTRY, ♪ ♪ LAND OF MY BIRTH ♪ ♪ THIS IS MY COUNTRY, ♪ ♪ GRANDEST ON EARTH ♪ ♪ I PLEDGE THEE MY ALLEGIANCE, ♪ ♪ AMERICA, THE BOLD ♪ ♪ FOR THIS IS MY COUNTRY ♪ ♪ THIS IS MY OWN, ♪ ♪ MY NATIVE LAND ♪>>WONDERFUL. IF EVER THERE IS A CHOIR WHICH GAVE — THE BASKETBALL STAR AND HIGH SCHOOL QUARTERBACK WERE IN THE CHOIR.>>IT’S MY PLEASURE TO PRESENT MY DISTINGUISHED COLLEAGUE, THE HONORABLE TED STEVENS, SENATOR OF ALASKA, TO INTRODUCE THE VICE-PRESIDENTIAL OATH AND THE PRESIDENTIAL OATH. SENATOR STEVENS?>>THANK YOU, CHAIRMAN , FOR YOUR MANY KURT ASSIST. PRESIDENT AND MRS. REAGAN, VICE PRESIDENT AND MRS. BUSH, FELLOW CITIZENS. THE VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT WILL TAKE HIS OATH OF OFFICE AS HIS WIFE MARILYN TUCKER QUAYLE HOLDS THE QUAYLE FAMILY BIBLE. THEIR CHILDREN, TUCKER, BENJAMIN AND CORINNE WILL JOIN THEM. THE VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT HAS ASKED A GRACIOUS LADY, THE FIRST WOMAN TO SIT ON THE HIGHEST COURT OF OUR LAND, TO ADMINISTER HIS OATH OF OFFICE. IT IS MY HONOR TO PRESENT NOW THE DISTINGUISHED ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT, THE HONORABLE SANDRA DAY O’CONNOR, WHO WILL ADMINISTER THE OATH OF OFFICE TO THE VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT, JAMES DANFORTH QUAYLE.>>JUSTICE O’CONNOR IS THE FIRST WOMAN TO SWEAR IN A VICE PRESIDENT.>>>I, JAMES DANFORTH QUAYLE, DO SOLEMNLY SWEAR THAT I WILL SUPPORT AND DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES THAT I WILL BEAR TRUE FAITH AND ALLEGIANCE TO THE SAME, THAT I TAKE THIS OBLIGATION FREELY, WITHOUT ANY MENTAL RESERVATION OR PURPOSE OF EVASION, AND I WILL WELL AND FAITHFULLY DISCHARGE THE DUTIES OF THE OFFICE ON WHICH I AM ABOUT TO ENTER. SO HELP ME GOD.>>CONGRATULATIONS.>>THE VICE PRESIDENT’S OATH IS A GOOD DEAL LONGER THAN THE PRESIDENT’S. ALSO QUITE WORDY.>>A LITTLE PIECE OF TRADITION. LADY BIRD JOHNSON WAS THE FIRST WIFE TO HOLD THE BIBLE FOR HER HUSBAND’S SWEARING IN. NOW ALL WIVES DO IT. AS YOU CORRECT LID POINTED OUT, DAVID, VICE PRESIDENT JOHNSON BECAME PRESIDENT JOHNSON, SWORN IN BY A WOMAN — >>VICE PRESIDENT. YEAH, YOU’RE RIGHT. I DON’T KNOW WHAT BIBLE THEY’RE USING. I’VE HEARD BOTH.>>STAFF SERGEANT POWELL OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY BAND WILL NOW SING “GOD BLESS AMERICA.”>>THERE WAS A BUSH FAMILY BIBLE OR THE BIBLE USED BY GEORGE WASHINGTON WHICH IS OWNED BY NEW YORK MASONIC TEMPLE.>>MR. POWELL WAS REQUESTED BY MRS. BUSH TO SING. HE’S WELL KNOWN.>>♪ WHILE THE STORM CLOUDS GATHER FAR ACROSS THE SEA. LET US SWEAR ALLEGIANCE TO A LAND THAT’S FREE. LET US ALL BE GRATEFUL FOR A LAND SO FAIR AS WE RAISE OUR VOICES IN A SOLEMN PRAYER. ♪ GOD BLESS AMERICA, ♪ ♪ LAND THAT I LOVE ♪ ♪ STAND BESIDE HER ♪ ♪ AND GUIDE HER ♪ ♪ THROUGH THE NIGHT ♪ ♪ WITH A LIGHT FROM ABOVE ♪ ♪ FROM THE MOUNTAINS ♪ ♪ TO THE PRAIRIES ♪ ♪ TO THE OCEAN
WHITE WITH FOAM ♪ ♪ GOD BLESS AMERICA, ♪ ♪ GOD BLESS AMERICA ♪ FROM THE MOUNTAINS TO THE PRAIRIES TO THE OCEANS WHITE WITH FOAM ♪ GOD BLESS AMERICA, ♪ ♪ MY HOME SWEET HOME ♪ ♪ GOD BLESS AMERICA ♪>>THANK YOU, STAFF SERGEANT POWELL.>>A STANDING OVATION.>>PRESIDENT REAGAN, VICE PRESIDENT AND MRS. QUAYLE, FELLOW AMERICANS, THE WIFE OF THE PRESIDENT-ELECT BARBARA BUSH WILL HOLD THE BIBLE FIRST USED AT THE INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT GEORGE WASHINGTON TOGETHER WITH THE BUSH BIBLE. WITH US TODAY IS THE PRESIDENT-ELECT’S MOTHER, MRS. PRESCOTT BUSH. GEORGE, JED, NEIL, MARVIN AND DOROTHY, WITH THEIR FAMILIES, JOIN THEIR FATHER AND MOTHER ON THIS PLATFORM. IT IS NOW MY GREAT PRIVILEGE AND HIGH HONOR TO PRESENT THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES, THE HONORABLE WILLIAM HOBBS REHNQUIST WHO WILL ADMINISTER THE OATH OF OFFICE TO THE PRESIDENT-ELECT OF THE UNITED STATES, GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH.>>THAT WASHINGTON BIBLE, OF COURSE, COMES FROM THE MASONIC LODGE IN NEW YORK, WHERE IT WAS FOUND 200 YEARS AGO, WHEN AT GEORGE WASHINGTON’S INAUGURATION, THEY COULDN’T FIND A BIBLE. THE CHIEF JUSTICE WILLIAM REHNQUIST.