Sep
08
Examining The Growing Rate Of Children And Gun Deaths | NBC News Now


HOPEFULS DISCUSS THE ISSUE IN A NATIONALLY TELEVISED FORUM. NATIONALLY TELEVISED FORUM.>>>GUN VIOLENCE AGAINST>>>GUN VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IS IN THE SPOTLIGHT CHILDREN IS IN THE SPOTLIGHT THIS WEEK AFTER THE SHOOTING IN THIS WEEK AFTER THE SHOOTING IN ODESSA, TEXAS. ODESSA, TEXAS. ONE OF THE VICTIMS WAS A ONE OF THE VICTIMS WAS A 17-YEAR-OLD CHILD, ANOTHER A 17-YEAR-OLD CHILD, ANOTHER A HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT AND WHO HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT AND WHO UNFORTUNATELY PASSED AWAY. UNFORTUNATELY PASSED AWAY. FIREARMS ARE THE SECOND LEADING FIREARMS ARE THE SECOND LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH FOR KIDS IN THE CAUSE OF DEATH FOR KIDS IN THE U.S. U.S. WE TALKED WITH A RESEARCHER WHO WE TALKED WITH A RESEARCHER WHO IS LOOKING INTO THIS GROWING IS LOOKING INTO THIS GROWING PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE. PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE.>>Reporter: CONSIDERING ODESSA,>>Reporter: CONSIDERING ODESSA, CONSIDERING THE RECENT SHOOTINGS CONSIDERING THE RECENT SHOOTINGS THAT WE’VE SEEN, WALK ME THROUGH THAT WE’VE SEEN, WALK ME THROUGH WHAT YOU GUYS FOUND IN TERMS OF WHAT YOU GUYS FOUND IN TERMS OF THE PREVALENCE OF FIREARM DEATHS THE PREVALENCE OF FIREARM DEATHS IN AMERICA FOR YOUNG CHILDREN. IN AMERICA FOR YOUNG CHILDREN.>>SO FOR CHILDREN AND TEENS,>>SO FOR CHILDREN AND TEENS, THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IS MOTOR VEHICLE CRASH. MOTOR VEHICLE CRASH. THE SECOND LEADING CAUSE OF THE SECOND LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IS FIRE INJURY. DEATH IS FIRE INJURY.>>Reporter: IS THERE A>>Reporter: IS THERE A BREAKDOWN BETWEEN WHAT TYPES OF BREAKDOWN BETWEEN WHAT TYPES OF FIREARM SHOOTINGS ARE IMPACTING FIREARM SHOOTINGS ARE IMPACTING THESE CHILDREN? THESE CHILDREN?>>60% DIE BY FIRE OR HOMICIDE>>60% DIE BY FIRE OR HOMICIDE AND 40% BY SUED. AND 40% BY SUED. ACCIDENTAL OR UNINTENTIONAL ACCIDENTAL OR UNINTENTIONAL INJURY IS AT 3 OR 4%. INJURY IS AT 3 OR 4%. THOSE HORRIFIC SHOOTINGS, MASS THOSE HORRIFIC SHOOTINGS, MASS SHOOTINGS, REPRESENT LESS THAN SHOOTINGS, REPRESENT LESS THAN 2% OF THE WAY THAT CHILDREN AND 2% OF THE WAY THAT CHILDREN AND TEENS DIE BY FIREARMS IN THIS TEENS DIE BY FIREARMS IN THIS COUNTRY. COUNTRY.>>Reporter: HAVE THE NULLSMBERS>>Reporter: HAVE THE NULLSMBERS CHANGED? CHANGED?>>WE NOW HAVE FIVE PEOPLE DYING>>WE NOW HAVE FIVE PEOPLE DYING IN CARS OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS. IN CARS OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS. FIREARMS DEATHS HAVE MADE NO FIREARMS DEATHS HAVE MADE NO CHANGE OVER THE ENTIRE PERIOD. CHANGE OVER THE ENTIRE PERIOD. FROM 2013 TO 2017 WE SEE A RATE FROM 2013 TO 2017 WE SEE A RATE OF INCREASE, ABOUT 32% FOR OF INCREASE, ABOUT 32% FOR HOMICIDE AND 26% FOR SUICIDE BY HOMICIDE AND 26% FOR SUICIDE BY GUN. GUN. SO FIREARM INJURY DEATH IS SO FIREARM INJURY DEATH IS INCREASING. INCREASING.>>Reporter: WHAT DOES YOUR DATA>>Reporter: WHAT DOES YOUR DATA TELL US ABOUT WHERE AMERICA IS TELL US ABOUT WHERE AMERICA IS PUTTING ITS PREVENTION EFFORTS? PUTTING ITS PREVENTION EFFORTS?>>IT TELLS ME RESEARCH IN THIS>>IT TELLS ME RESEARCH IN THIS AREA HAS BEEN STAGNANT. AREA HAS BEEN STAGNANT. INCREASING EFFORTS OVER THE PAST INCREASING EFFORTS OVER THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS IN VERY SMALL SEVERAL YEARS IN VERY SMALL AMOUNTS. AMOUNTS. THERE’S BEEN VIRTUALLY NO THERE’S BEEN VIRTUALLY NO FEDERAL FUNDING FOR RESEARCH FEDERAL FUNDING FOR RESEARCH OVER MY ENTIRE CAREER. OVER MY ENTIRE CAREER.>>Reporter: HOW DO YOU EXPLAIN>>Reporter: HOW DO YOU EXPLAIN THAT? THAT?>>IT’S BEEN TOO POLITICAL.>>IT’S BEEN TOO POLITICAL. IN THE 1990s, THERE WAS REALLY A IN THE 1990s, THERE WAS REALLY A STAGNATION ENTIRELY OF FEDERAL STAGNATION ENTIRELY OF FEDERAL FUNDING IN THIS AREA. FUNDING IN THIS AREA. BECAUSE OF THAT, THE FIELD BECAUSE OF THAT, THE FIELD ALMOST COMPLETELY WE WANT AWAY. ALMOST COMPLETELY WE WANT AWAY.>>Reporter: HOW BIG IS YOUR>>Reporter: HOW BIG IS YOUR FIELD RIGHT NOW? FIELD RIGHT NOW?>>IN 2017, WE HAD A TEAM OF 20>>IN 2017, WE HAD A TEAM OF 20 PEOPLE. PEOPLE. SEVERAL YEARS LATER, NOW THERE’S SEVERAL YEARS LATER, NOW THERE’S LIKELY 100, PERHAPS 200 LIKELY 100, PERHAPS 200 SCIENTISTS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. SCIENTISTS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. SO TO GIVE YOU SOME BALANCE ON SO TO GIVE YOU SOME BALANCE ON THAT, EVERY UNIVERSITY IN THE THAT, EVERY UNIVERSITY IN THE COUNTRY HAS A MAJOR CANCER COUNTRY HAS A MAJOR CANCER INSTITUTE WITH HUNDREDS OF INSTITUTE WITH HUNDREDS OF SCIENTISTS FOCUSING ON CANCER SCIENTISTS FOCUSING ON CANCER RESEARCH. RESEARCH. THE WAY WE SHOULD WORK ON THIS THE WAY WE SHOULD WORK ON THIS IS STOP VIEWING THIS AS AN ALL IS STOP VIEWING THIS AS AN ALL OR NOTHING ISSUE, THE POLITICS OR NOTHING ISSUE, THE POLITICS OF HAVING OR NOT HAVING GUNS, OF HAVING OR NOT HAVING GUNS, AND UNDERSTAND THAT IN THE SAME AND UNDERSTAND THAT IN THE SAME WAY WE HAVE CARS, WE ARE GOING WAY WE HAVE CARS, WE ARE GOING TO HAVE GUNS. TO HAVE GUNS. WITH THAT, WE COULD STILL HAVE WITH THAT, WE COULD STILL HAVE US BE A LOT SAFER. US BE A LOT SAFER.>>Reporter: HOW DOES THE U.S.>>Reporter: HOW DOES THE U.S. COMPARE TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN COMPARE TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD WHEN IT COMES TO THE THE WORLD WHEN IT COMES TO THE PREVALENCE OF MASS SHOOTINGS? PREVALENCE OF MASS SHOOTINGS?>>90% OF ALL THE FIREARM DEATHS>>90% OF ALL THE FIREARM DEATHS FOR KIDS HAPPEN IN THE U.S. FOR KIDS HAPPEN IN THE U.S. THE KIDS IN OUR COUNTRY, IN THE KIDS IN OUR COUNTRY, IN MIDDLE SCHOOL AND HIGH SCHOOL, MIDDLE SCHOOL AND HIGH SCHOOL, THE THING THAT THEY’RE MOST THE THING THAT THEY’RE MOST LIKELY TO DIE FROM IN OUR LIKELY TO DIE FROM IN OUR COUNTRY BEFORE THEY FINISH THOSE COUNTRY BEFORE THEY FINISH THOSE ADOLESCENT YEARS IS FIREARMS. ADOLESCENT YEARS IS FIREARMS. AND I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER AND I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER THAN THAT. THAN THAT. PEOPLE ASK ME SOMETIMES, WHAT IS PEOPLE ASK ME SOMETIMES, WHAT IS THE ONE THING WE SHOULD DO TO THE ONE THING WE SHOULD DO TO DECREASE THESE DEATHS? DECREASE THESE DEATHS? IT IS LIKE ASKING WHAT IS THE IT IS LIKE ASKING WHAT IS THE ONE THING WE SHOULD DO TO ONE THING WE SHOULD DO TO DECREASE CANCER, WHAT IS THE ONE DECREASE CANCER, WHAT IS THE ONE THING WE SHOULD DO TO DECREASE THING WE SHOULD DO TO DECREASE DROWNINGS. DROWNINGS. THERE’S A MULTITUDE OF ANGLES THERE’S A MULTITUDE OF ANGLES AND THAT COULD BE DONE BY